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Lesson 4

Basic Medical Language - Respiratory system

bronch/o bronchus (pl. bronchi)
capn/o carbon dioxide
laryng/o larynx (voice box)
muc/o mucus
nas/o nose
ox/i oxygen
pharyng/o pharynx (throat)
pneum/o, pneumon/o lung, air
pulmon/o lung
rhin/o nose
sinus/o sinus (pl. sinuses)
somn/o sleep
spir/o breathe, breathing
thorac/o chest, chest cavity
trache/o trachea (windpipe)
-ary, -eal pertaining to
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid (with sterile needle)
-ectomy surgical removal, excision
-gram record, radiographic image
-graphy process of recording, radiographic imaging
-ia diseased state, condition of
-meter instrument used to measure
-pnea breathing
-rrhagia rapid flow of blood, excessive bleeding
-rrhea flow, discharge
-scope instrument used for visual examination
-scopic pertaining to visual examination
-scopy visual examination
-stomy creation of an artificial opening
-thorax chest, chest cavity
-tomy cut into, incision
a-, an- absence of, without
dys- difficult, painful, abnormal
endo- within
hyper- above, excessive
poly- many, much
asthma respiratory disease (coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath)
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease progressive lung disease blocking air flow, makes breathing difficult
computed tomography diagnostic imaging test composed from sectional radiographic images
culture and sensitivity lab test performed on collective tissue to determine presence of pathogenic bacteria
emphysema loss of elasticity of the alveoli results in distension, causing stretching in lung
influenza highly contagious and often severe viral infection of the respiratory tract
obstructive sleep apnea repetitive pharyngeal collapse during sleep
radiograph image created by ionizing radiation
sputum mucous secretion from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea through mouth
tuberculosis infectious bacterial disease, spread through inhalation affecting the lungs
upper respiratory infection infection of the nasal cavity, pharynx, or larynx, caused by a virus
ABG's arterial blood gases
Co2 carbon dioxide
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CPAP continuous positive airway pressure
C&S culture and sensitivity
CT computed tomography
CXR chest radiograph
ET endotracheal
flu influenza
O2 oxygen
OSA obstructive sleep apnea
PFT's pulmonary function tests
PSG polysomnography
RT respiratory therapist
SOB shortness of breath
TB tuberculosis
URI upper respiratory infection
V/Q Scan lung ventilation/ perfusion scan
Created by: katey.6
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