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Week 1-5

QuestionAnswer
Two major cavities of the human body are: Ventral/Dorsal
An x-ray technician has been asked to make x-ray films of the liver. Which of the abdominopelvic regions must be included? Right hypochondriac, epigastric, and left hypochondriac
Which of the following does not describe anatomical position? Arms extended from the shoulders, palms up
An organization of many similar cells that are specialized to perform a certain function is called a(n): tissue
The gallbladder lies in the: abdominal cavity.
The body as a whole can be subdivided into two major divisions. They are axial and appendicular.
The knee is ________ to the foot. proximal
The gluteal region is ________ to the popliteal region. superior
A coronal section through the human body can Pass through both ears.
The sternal region is ________ to the scapular region. anterior
The body as a whole can be subdivided into two major divisions. They are axial and appendicular.
The reaction between hydrogen and oxygen needed to form water is an example of a: synthesis reaction.
The element oxygen has an atomic number of 8, which means it contains: eight protons.
The type of chemical reaction most likely to require energy is a(n) _____ reaction. synthesis
As the concentration of hydroxide ions (OH–) increases, the: the solution becomes more basic and the pH rises
Chemical bonds formed by the sharing of electrons are called: Covalent.
Which subatomic particles carry a charge? Protons and electrons
What decomposition reaction requires the addition of a water molecule to break a bond? hydrolysis
An atom can be described as chemically inert if its outermost electron shell contains _____ electrons. eight
The most abundant element essential to life is Carbon.
A molecule that is polar: can form a hydrogen bond and has an unequal charge.
For sodium to transform from a neutral atom to a positive ion, it must: lose an electron.
An example of an element would be: Ne.
This membranous organelle is the site of protein synthesis for proteins that are secreted by the cell. rough endoplasmic reticulum
Phospholipids of the plasma membrane are arranged as a bilayer with their nonpolar tails sandwiched between the polar heads.
In the matrix of the plasma membrane, a variety of proteins are embedded. Some of these proteins serve as passageway for Na+ ions or glucose. These proteins are called transport proteins.
Of the following, the only organelle that has a double membrane structure is the mitochondrion.
integral proteins in the plasma membrane Determine which molecules are transported through the membrane,Some attach to the glycocalyx and most extend all the way through the membrane.
The function of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum is to Supply membrane for use throughout the cell, makes steroid hormones and makes glycoproteins.
The rough endoplasmic reticulum is made of broad, flattened sacs and has many ribosomes attached to it.
A list of the cell fibers from largest to smallest would read: microtubules, intermediate filaments, microfilaments.
In the cell membrane, the hydrophilic part of the phospholipid molecule: faces the exterior of the cell and faces the interior of the cell.
The membranous structure containing substances that protect the cell from harm are: lysosomes and peroxisomes.
The most abundant and widespread tissue in the body is connective.
The extracellular components of bone matrix are hard and calcified.
The vertebral bones that support the small (lower section) of the back are the lumbar vertebrae.