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APHG Unit 3.1-3.4

Words from Learning objectives 3.1-3.4

TermDefinition
cultural practices the social activities and interactions - ranging from religious rituals to food preferences to clothing - that collectively distinguish group identity
cultural relativism the idea that a person's beliefs, values, and practices should be understood based on that person's own culture, rather than be judged against the criteria of another.
taboo A restriction on behavior imposed by social custom.
nativist a person who favors those born in his country and is opposed to immigrants
ethnocentrism Belief in the superiority of one's nation or ethnic group.
cultural landscape the visible imprint of human activity and culture on the landscape
sequent occupance successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place that add up to the cultural landscape. this symbolizes Human Environment Interaction. ... spread of a feature from one place to another over time.
postmodern architecture Combines traditional and contemporary influences.
traditional architecture buildings use building materials available and reflect social/environmental customs of the people EX) log cabins
ethnicity Identity with a group of people that share distinct physical and mental traits as a product of common heredity and cultural traditions.
ethnic neighborhood an area within a city containing members of the same ethnic background
ethnic enclave A place with a high concentration of an ethnic group that is distinct from those in the surrounding area
indigenous people natives of an area who have been conquered or dominated by others who came later
cultural beliefs The predominant beliefs in a culture about right and wrong, what is most important in life, and how life should be lived. May also include beliefs about where and how life originated and what happens after death.
land use Various ways humans use the land such as agricultural, industrial, residential, or recreational
diffusion The process of spread of a feature or trend from one place to another over time
sense of place State of mind derived through the infusion of a place with meaning and emotion by remembering important events that occurred in that place or by labeling a place with a certain character.
placemaking The deliberate shaping of an environment to facilitate social interaction and improve a community's quality of life.
landscapes The overall appearance of an area that is shaped by both human and natural influences
religion a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny
centripetal force An attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state
centrifugal force a force that divides people and countries
hearth The region from which innovative ideas originate
relocation diffusion The spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another.
expansion diffusion The spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in a snowballing process.
stimulus diffusion The spread of an underlying principle, even though a specific characteristic is rejected.
hierarchical diffusion The spread of a feature or trend from one key person or note of authority or power to other persons or places
contagious diffusion The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population.
colonialism Attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory.
imperialism domination by one country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region
Created by: kayerizzuto
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