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ljlindrose61

Chapter 12 - Respiratory Sytem

QuestionAnswer
What is the name of the gaseous waste in the respiratory system and exhaled through the lungs? carbon dioxide
What is the main muscle utilized for breathing? diaphragm
this diagnostic term refers to a fine crackling sound heard during inspiration (inhalation) rale (crackle)
This diagnostic term refers to a strained, high-pitched, relatively loud sound made on inspiration stridor
The process of gas exchange where oxygen is added to the blood and carbon dioxide is removed. The process of moving air into and out of the lungs; breathing respiration
This diagnostic term refers to a loud, rumbling sound. ronchi
This diagnostic term refers to listening to sounds within the body auscultation
_______are the hair-like projections in the nose cilia
_______are the air-filled cavities that connect with the nasal cavity via small passageways sinuses
The _________also known as the throat is a hollow muscular structure lined with epithelial tissue pharynx
The ______________also known as the voice box is a semi-rigid structure composed of cartilage that is connected by muscles and ligaments larynx
The medical term for a nosebleed epistaxis
The ___________also known as the windpipe trachea
_________is a chronic inflammatory disorder with airway obstruction asthma
_________is the persistent inflammation of the bronchi over a long period of time chronic bronchitis
The incomplete expansion of the alveoli, causing a collapsed, functionless, airless lung is called atelectasis
A pulmonary _______________ is a large collection of pus in the lungs abscess
Formation of scar tissue in the connective tissue of the lungs is called pulmonary fibrosis
This chronic inflammatory disease of unknown cause presents iwth small nodules or tubercles in the lungs, lymph nodes and other organs sarcoidosis
The general term used to describe a lung disease in which the airways become obstructed COPD
_________is the collection of air in the pleural space pneumothorax
An accumulation of fluid in the pleural space is called pleural effusion
A machine used to induce the alternating inflation and deflation of the lungs is called mechanical ventilation machine
A fiberoptic or rigid endoscope that is inserted intot he bronchial tubes for diagnosis, biopsy or the collection of specimens is called bronchoscopy
The surgical puncture to remove fluid from the pleural space is called a thoracentesis
The procedure whereby an opening is created in the trachea is called tracheostomy
A removal of the entire lobe of the lung is called a lobectomy
A___________is performed by entering a chest tube th rough an opening in the skin of the chest to continuously drain pleural effusion tube thoracostomy
A condtion whereby fluid accumulates int he lungs is called pulmonary edema
A blood clot in the lung is known as a pulmonary embolism (PE)
________is defined as the lung receiving adequate air flow ventilation
________is defined as the lung receiving adequate blood flow perfusion
The placement of a tube thorugh the mouth into the pharynx, larynx, and trachea to establish an airway is called a endotracheal intubation
This disease is characterized by the hyperinflation of the air sacs with sbusequent destruction of the alveolar walls emphysema
An inflammation of the lungs and bronchial tubes that is due to foreign material getting into the lung is called aspiration pneumonia
A mjor surgical incision into the chest is called a thoracotomy
This is a highly contagious disease that is caused by a rod-shaped bacilli (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) tuberculosis (TB)
The test for tuberculosis is called PPD skin test (purified protein derivative)
In order to create a tracheostomy the physician needs to perform an incision into the trachea called tracheotomy
X-ray images are obtained after radiopaque contract is injected intot he pulmonary artery pulmonary angiography or arteriography
Detection device records radioactivity in the lung after injection of a radioisotope or inhalation of small amount of radioactive gas (xenon). ventilation-perfusion (V/Q) scanventilation (air flow), perfusion (blood flow)
visual examination of the voice box laryngoscopy
ABGs arterial blood gases
ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome
BAL bronchioalveolar lavage
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CXR chest x-ray (film)
DPT diptheria, pertussis, tetanus
LLL left lower lobe (of lung)
LUL left upper lobe (of lung)
PE pulmonary embolism
PFTs pulmonary function tests
RDS resiratory distress syndrome
RLL right lower lobe
RUL right upper lobe
SOB shortness of breath
URI upper respiratory infection
V/Q scan ventilation-perfusion scan
adenoid/o adenoids
alveol/o alveolus, air sac
bronch/obronchi/o bronchial tube, bronchus
bronchiol/o bronchiole
capn/o carbon dioxide
coni/o dust
cyan/o blue
epiglott/o epiglottis
laryng/o larynx, voice box
lob/o lobe of the lung
mediastin/o mediastinum
nas/o nose
orth/o straight, upright
ox/o oxygen
pector/o chest
pharyng/o pharynx, throat
phon/o voice
phren/o diaphragm
pleur/o pleura
pneum/o, pneumon/o air, lung
pulmon/o lung
rhin/o nose
sinus/o sinus, cavity
spir/o breathing
tel/o complete
thorac/o chest
tonsill/o tonsils
trache/o trachea, windpipe
-ema condition
-osmia smell
-pnea breathing
-ptysis spitting
-sphyxia pulse
-thorax pleural cavity, chest
Created by: ljlindrose61