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CreativeChapter6

Medical Terminology

QuestionAnswer
What is the prefix acous/o? hearing
What is the prefix myring/o? eardrum
What is the prefix ot/o? ear
What is the suffix for a hearing condition? -acusis
What is the outer structures of the ear that collects sound? External Ear
What is the project part of the external ear? auricle, pinna
What is a regulatory body substance released in allergic reactions, causing swelling and inflammation of tissue and is seen in hay fever and urticaria (hives)? histamine
What is a drug that inhibits the growth of or destroys microorganisms; used to treat diseases caused by bacteria (e.g., otitis media)? antibiotic
What is irrigation of the external ear canal, often to remove excessive buildup of cerumen? ear lavage
What are any internal or external device that improves or substitutes for natural hearing? auditory prosthesis
What is the surgical procedure to reconstruct the tympanic membrane and/or the auditory ossicles? tympanoplasty
What is the excision of the stapes to correct otosclerosis? stapedectomy
What is the incision into the eardrum, most often for the insertion of a small polyethylene (PE) tube to keep the canal open and prevent fluid buildup? myringotomy
What is the electrodiagnostic testing that uses computerized equipment to measure involuntary responses to sound within the auditory nervous system and is commonly used for newborns? brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER) or brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP)
What is the physical assessment of hearing; useful in differentiating between conductive and sensorineural hearing loss? auditory acuity testing
What is the instrument to measure hearing? audiometer
What is the process of measuring hearing? audiometry
What is hearing impairment in old age called? presbycusis, presbyacusis
What is the combination of sensorineural and conductive hearing loss? mixed hearing loss
What is the hearing impairment caused by lesions of dysfunction of the cochlea or cochlear (auditory) nerve? sensorineaural hearing loss
What is the hearing impairment caused by interference with sound or vibratory energy in the external canal, middle ear, or ossicles? conductive hearing loss
What is the disorder of the internal ear resulting from excessive buildup of endolymph, causing episodes of vertigo, tinnitus, nausea, vomiting, and hearing loss? Meniere's disease
What is the inflammation of the labyrinth (internal ear), usually accompanied by vertigo and deafness? labyrinthitis
What is a benign but life-threatening tumor of the vestibular division of the vestibulocochlear nerve (Cranial Nerve VIII) ? Acoustic Neuroma (Vestibular Schwannoma)
What is the hardening of the bony tissue in the ear? otosclerosis
What is blockage of the eustachian (auditory) tube, usually as a result of infection, as in otitis media? eustachian obstruction
What is the inflammation of the middle ear from changes in the atmospheric pressure; often occurs with frequent air travel? aerotitis media
What is a ringing or buzzing in the ears; a jingling? tinnitus
What is the term for an earache? otodynia, otalgia
What are the three canals within the inner ear that contain specialized receptor cells that generate nerve impulses with body movement? semicircular canals
Created by: aminaa