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Chapter 15 Chabner


abduction Movement away from midline of body
acetabulum Rounded depression in pelvis that joins the femur, forming the hip joint
acromion Outward extension of shoulder blade forming the point of the shoulder
adduction Movement toward midline of body
articular cartilage Smooth, glistening white tissue that covers the surface of a joint
articulation Any type of joint
bone Dense, hard connective tissue composing the skeleton
bone depression Opening or hollow region serving as a connection for bones, or passageway for blood vessels and nerves
bone process Enlarged area that extends from bones as an attachment for muscles, tendons, and ligaments
bursa (plural: bursae) Sac of fluid near a joint
calcium A mineral constituent of bone
cancellous bone Spongy, porous bone tissue in inner part of bone
cartilage Flexible, connective tissue
collagen Dense, connective tissue protein strands found in bone and other tissues
compact bone Hard, dense bone tissue, usually found around outer portion of bones
cranial bones Skill bones: ethmoid, frontal, occipital, parietal, sphenoid, and temporal
diaphysis Shaft, or mid-portion, of a long bone
disk (disc) Flat, round, plate-like structure
dorsiflexion Upper movement of the foot
epiphyseal plate Cartilaginous area at the ends of long bones where lengthwise growth takes in the immature skeleton
epiphysis Each end of a long bone; area beyond the epiphyseal plate
extension Straightening of flexed limb
facial bones Bones of the face: lacrimal, mandibular, maxillary, nasal, vomer, and zygomatic
fascia Fibrous membrane separating and enveloping muscles
flexion Downward movement of the food
fontanelle Soft spot (incomplete bone formation) between the skull bones of an infant
foramen magnum Opening of the occipital bone through which the spinal cord passes
haversian canals Minute spaces filled with blood vessels; found in compact bone
insertion of a muscle Connection of the muscle to a bone that moves
ligament Fibrous connective tissue that binds bones to other bones
malleolus Round process on both sides of the ankle joint
manubrium Upper portion of the sternum
mastoid process Round projection on the temporal bone behind the ear
medullary cavity Central, hollowed-out area in the shaft of a long bone
meniscus Crescent-shaped fibrocartilaginous structure found in the knee
metaphysis Flared portion of a long bone, between the diaphysis and the epiphyseal plate
olecranon Large process on the proximal end of the ulna
origin of a muscle Connection of the muscle to a stationary bonew
orthopedist Medical doctor who specialized in bone, joint, and muscle conditions
osseous tissue Bone tissue
ossification Process of bone formation
osteoblast Bone cell that helps form bony tissue
osteoclast Bone cell that absorbs and removes unwanted bony tissue
periosteum Membrane surrounding bones; rich in blood vessels and nerve tissue
phosphorus Mineral substance found in bones in combination with calcium
physiatrist Medical doctor who specialized in rehabilitation
plantar flexion Bending he sole of the foot downward toward the ground
pronation Turning the palm downward
pubic symphysis Area of confluence of the two pubic bones in the pelvis
red bone marrow Found in the cancellous bone; site of hematopoiesis
ribs Twelve pairs of curved bones that form the chest wall; true ribs are the first 7 pairs; false ribs are pairs 8-10; floating ribs are pairs 11 and 12
rotation Circular movement around a central point
sella turcica Depression in the sphenoid bone where the pituitary gland is located
sinus Hollow air cavity within a bone
skeletal muscle Muscle connected to bones; voluntary or striated muscle
smooth muscle Visceral muscle
striated muscle Skeletal muscle
styloid process Pole-like process extending downward from the temporal bone on each side of the skull
supination Turning the palm upward
suture Immovable joint between ones
suture joint Immovable joint
synovial cavity Space between bones at a synovial joint
synovial fluid Viscous fluid within the synovial cavity
synovial joint Freely movable joint
synovial membrane Tissue lining the synovial cavity; produces synovial fluid
temporomandibular joint Connection on either side of the head between the temporal bone of the skull an the mandibular bone of the jaw
tendon Fibrous connective tissue that binds muscles to bones
trabeculae Supporting bundles of bony fibers in cancellous bone
vertebra Individual segment of the spine composed of the vertebral body, vertebral arch, spinous process, transverse process, and lamina
visceral muscle Muscle connected to internal organs; involuntary of smooth muscle
xiphoid process Lower, narrow portion of sternum
yellow bone marrow Fatty tissue found in the medullary cavity of most adult long bones
Created by: JCA
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