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Chappter 8 Chabner

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
adnexae uteri Fallopian tubes, ovaries, and supporting ligaments
amnion Innermost membranous sac surrounding the developing fetus
areola Dark-pigmented area surrounding the breast nipple
Bartholin glands Small, mucus-secreting exocrine glands at the vaginal orifice; named for Caspar Bartholin, a Danish anatomist who described them in 1637
cervix Lower, neck-like portion of the uterus
chorion Outermost layer of the two membranes surrounding the embryo
clitoris Sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the opening of the female urethra
corpus luteum Empty ovarian follicle; secretes progesterone after release of egg cell; means "yellow body"
coitus Sexual intercourse; copulation
cul-de-sac Region in lower abdomen, midway between the rectum and the uterus
embryo Stage in prenatal development from 2 to 8 weeks
endometrium Inner, mucous membrane lining of the uterus
estrogen Hormone produced by the ovaries that promotes female secondary sex characteristics
fallopian tube One of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus; oviduct; named for Gabriello Fallopia, and Italian anatomist
fertilization Union of sperm cell and ovum from which the embryo develops
fetus Stage in prenatal development from 8 to 39 or 40 weeks
fimbriae (singular : fimbria) Finge - or fringe-like projections at the end of the fallopian tubes
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) Secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate maturation of the ovum
gamete Male or female sexual reproductive cell; sperm cell or ovum
genitalia Reproductive organs; also called genitals
gestation Period from fertilization of the ovum to birth
gonad Female or male reproductive organ that produces sex cells and hormones; ovary or testis
gynecology Study of the female reproductive organs, including the breasts
human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) Hormone produced by the placenta to sustain pregnancy by stimulating ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone
hymen Mucous membrane partially or completely covering the opening to the vagina
labia Lips of the vagina
lactiferous ducts Tubes that carry milk within the breast
luetinizing hormone (LH) Secreted by the pituitary gland to promote ovulation
mammary papilla nipple of the breast
menarche Beginning of the first menstrual period and ability to reproduce
menopause Gradual ending of menstruation
menstruation Monthly shedding of the uterine lining
myometrium Muscle layer of the uterus
neonatology Branch of medicine that studies the disorders and care of the newborn (neonate)
obstetrics The branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth
orifice An opening
ovarian gollicle Developing sac enclosing each ovum within the ovary
ovary One of a pair of female organs on each side of the pelvis; almond-shaped; produced egg cells and hormones
ovulation Release of the ovum from the ovary
ovum (plural: ova) Mature egg cell (female gamete)
parturition Act of giving birth
perineum Area between the anus and the vagina in females
pituitary gland Endocrine gland at the base of the brain that produces hormones to stimulate the ovaries; also regulates other endocrine organs
placenta Vascular organ attached to uterine wall during pregnancy; allows exchange of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products between mother and fetus
pregnancy Condition of having a developing embryo and fetus in female uterus for about 40 weeks
progesterone Hormone produced by corpus luteum in ovary and placenta of pregnant women
puberty Point in life cycle at which sex characteristics appear and gametes are produced
uterine serosa Outermost layer surrounding the uterus
uterus Hollow, pear-shaped muscular female organ in which embryo and fetus develop, and from which menstruation occurs
vagina Muscular, mucosa- lined canal extending from the uterus to the exterior of the body
vulva External female genitalia; includes the labia, hymen, clitoris, and vaginal orifice
zygote The stage in prenatal development from fertilization and implantation to 2 weeks
Created by: JCA
 

 



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