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CH 10/11 MED

TermDefinition
adenoid/o adenoid (lymphatic tissue in the nasopharynx).
tonsill/o tonsil (lymphatic tissue in the oropharynx).
nas/o, rhin/o nose
palat/o palate
or/o mouth
laryng/o larynx (voice box)
sept/o septum
sin/o, sinus/o sinus( a hollow space)
pneum/o, pneumat/o, pneumon/o lung or air ( based on context of use)
pulmon/o lungs
lob/o lobe
bronch/o bronchus
bronchiol/o means bronchiole (little bronchi).
alveol/o alveoli (air sac)
stern/o sternum
cost/o rib
thorac/o, pector/o (pectus), steth/o chest
pleur/o means pleura (membrane that surrounds the lung and chest wall).
phren/o diaphraom
respiration a complete cycle of inspiration and expiration
ox/o oxygen
spir/o, -pnea breathing
capn/o, carb/o carbon dioxide
Abb: ABG arterial blood gas
Abb: Bx biopsy
Abb: CPAP – continuous positive airway pressure
Abb: CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
Abb: URI – upper respiratory tract infection
Abb: COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Abb: IRDS – infant respiratory distress syndrome
Abb: LTB – laryngotracheobronchitis
Abb: OSA obstructive sleep apnea
Abb: PE pulmonary embolism
Abb: TB tuberculosis
Abb: CTA clear to auscultation
Abb: SOB shortness of breath
Abb: ET Endotracheal tube
Abb: PFT pulmonary function test
Abb: PSG polysmnography
Abb: T&A – tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
or/o, stomat/o mouth
dent/o tooth
gingiv/o gum
gloss/o, lingu/o tongue
glossopathy diease of the tongue
hypoglossal, sublingual pertaining to below the tongue
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
enter/o intestine
duoden/o duodenum
jejun/o jejunum
ile/o ileum
col/o, colon/o colon
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
rect/o rectum
an/o anus
proct/o anus and rectum
sial/o saliva
bil/o, chol/e bile
abdomin/o, celi/o, lapar/o abdomen
cyst/o bladder
doch/o duct
hepat/o, hepatic/o liver
pancreat/o pancreas
peritone/o peritoneum
Abb: BE Barium enema
Abb: NGT Nasogastric tube
Abb: BM bowel movement
Abb: N & V nausea and vomiting
Abb: EGD – esophagogastroduodenoscopy
Abb: ERCP – endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
Abb: EUS endoscopic ultrasound
Abb: FOBT fecal occult blood test
Abb: LFT liver function test
Abb: GB gallbladder
Abb: GI gastrointestinal
Abb: UGI upper gastrointestinal
Abb: GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
Abb: PUD peptic ulcer diease
Abb: NGT nasogastric tube
Abb: NPO nothing by mouth (nihil per os)
Abb: PEG – percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
Abb: PEJ – percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy
Abb: LUQ left upper quadrant
Abb: RUQ right upper quadrant
Abb: LLQ left lower quadrant
Abb: RLQ right lower quadrant
Created by: Gabgua2083