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med term

TermDefinition
Aneurysm widen blood vessel
Arther/o artery
Cardi/o heart
Arther/o fatty plague
Phleb/o vein
Ven/o vein
Thromb/o blood clot
Vas/o vessel/ duct
Vascul/o vessel
Cadia heart condition
Gram recording
Graph instrument of recording
Graphy process of recording
Stenosis narrowing
Brady sllow
Endo in or within
Epi above or upon
Peri around
Embol/o embolus
Erthtr/o red
Hem/o blood
Hemat/0 blood
Leuk/o white
Myel/o bone marrow, spinal cord
Anden/o gland
Immune/o immunity, immune, safe
Lymph/o lymph
Lymphaden/o lymph gland
Spleen/o spleen
Thym/o thymus gland
-emia blood condition
-phage swallowing, eating
-phylaxis protection
-poiesis formation, production
-stasis standing still
Macro large
Micro small
Mono one
dent/o teeth
odont/o teeth
gingiv/o gum
gloss/0 tongue
lingu/o tongue
or/o mouth
stomat/o mouth
ptyal/o saliva
sial/o saliva, saliva gland
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
pharyng/o pharynx (throat)
pylor/o pylorus (sphincter in lower portion of stomach that opens to duodenum)
duoden/o duodenum (first of small intestines)
enter/o intestines (usually small intestines)
jejun/o jeunum (second part of small intestines)
ile/o ileum (third part of small intestines)
an/o anus
append/o appendix
appendic/o appendix
col/o colon
colon/o colon
proct/o anus, rectum
rect/o rectum
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
cholangi/o bile vessel
chol/e bile, gall
cholecyst/o gallbladder
choledoch/o bile duct
hepat/o liver
pancreat/o pancreas
-algia pain
-dynia pain
-emesis vomiting
-iasis abnormal condition (produced by something specific)
-megaly enlargement
-orexia appetite
-osis abnormal condition (blood cells)
-pepsia digestion
-phagia swallowing, eating
-prandial meal
-rrhea discharge, flow
endo- in ,within
hypo- under, below, deficient
cirrh yellow
dys- bad; painful; difficult
-y condition; process
-eal pertaining to
-oid resembling
lith/o stone, calculus
-tripsy cruching
extra- outside
corpor body
-ic pertaining to
polyp small growth
cyst/o bladder
vesic/o bladder
glomerul/o glomerulus
meat/o opening, meatus
nephr/o kidney
ren/o kidney
pyel/o renal pelvis
ur/o urine, urinary tract
urin/o urine, urinary tract
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
-emia blood condition
-pexy fixation (of an organ)
-lysis separation; destruction; loosening
-ptosis prolapse, downward displacement
poly- many, much
supra- above; excessive; superior
amni/o amnion (amniotic sac)
cervic/o neck; cervix uteri (neck of uterus)
colp/o vagina
vagin/o vagina
galact/o milk
lact/o milk
gynec/o woman, female
hyster/o uterus (womb)
uter/o uterus (womb)
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
men/o menses, menstruation
metr/o uterus (womb); measure
nat/o birth
oophor/o ovary
overi/o overy
perine/o perineum
salping/o tube (usually fallopian)
vulv/o vulva
episi/o vulva
andr/o male
balan/o glans penis
gonad/o gonads, sex glands
olig/o scanty
orch/o testis (plural testes)
orchi/o testis (plural testes)
orchid/o testis (plural testes)
test/o testis (plural testes)
prostat/o prostate gland
spermat/o spermatozoa, sperm cells
sperm/i* sperm cells
sperm/o sperm cells
varic/o dilated vein
vas/o vessel; vas deferens; duct
vesicul/o seminal vesicle
-arche beginning
-cyesis pregnancy
-gravida pregnant women
-para to bear (offspring)
-salpinx tube (usually fallopian)
-tocia childbirth, labor
adrenal/o adrenal glands
adren/o adrenal glands
calc/o calcium
gluc/o sugar, sweetness
glyc/o sugar, sweetness
parathyroid/o parathyroid glands
pituitar/o pituitary gland
toxic/o poison
-crine to secrete
-ism condition
-toxic poison
cerebr/o cerebrum
encephal/o brain
gli/o glue; neuroglial tissue
mening/o meninges (membranes covering brain and spinal cord)
meningi/o meninges (membranes covering brain and spinal cord)
myel/o bone marrow; spinal cord
neur/o nerve
-lepsy seizure
-phasia speech
hemi- one half
quadri- four
fasci/o band, fascia
fibr/o fiber, fibrous tissue
leiomy/o smooth muscle (visceral)
lumb/o loins (lower back)
muscul/o muscle
my/o muscle
ten/o tendon
tend/o tendon
tendin/o tendon
carp/o carpus (wrist bone)
cost/o ribs
crani/o cranium (skull)
humer/o humerus (upper arm bone)
metacarp/o metacarpus (hand bones)
phalang/o phalanges (bones of fingers and toes)
spondyl/o vertebra (backbone)
vertebr/o vertebra (backbone)
stern/o sternum (breastbone)
calcane/o calcaneum (heel bone)
femor/o femur (thigh bone)
fibul/o fibula (smaller, outer bone of lower leg)
patell/o patella (kneecap)
pelv/i pelvis
pelv/o pelvis
radi/o radiation, x-ray; radius (lower arm bone, thumb side)
tibi/o tibia (larger bone of lower leg)
ankyl/o stiffness; bent, crooked
lamin/o lamina (part of vertebral arch)
-clasia to break; surgical fracture
-clast to break
-plegia paralysis
-sarcoma malignant tumor of connective tissue
choroid/o choroid
conjunctiv/o conjunctiva
corne/o cornea
cor/o pupil
core/o pupil
pupill/o pupil
dacry/o tear; lacrimal apparatus (duct, sac, or gland)
dipl/o double
irid/o iris
kerat/o horny tissue; hard; cornea
ocul/o eye
ophthalm/o eye
opt/o eye, vision
retin/o retina
acous/o hearing
audi/o hearing
audit/o hearing
myring/o tympanic membrane (eardrum)
tympan/o tympanic membrane (eardrum)
ot/o ear
-acusis hearing
-cusis hearing
-opia vision
-opsia vision
-ptosis prolapse, downward displacement
exo- outside, outward
Created by: bgalloway