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Exam Room Procedures

Chapters 39 & 40

TermDefinition
Dysmenorrhea A patient is said to have this if she has painful menstruation.
Prostate The most common type of cancer among men.
Placenta Previa A condition of pregnancy indicated by bright red vaginal bleeding and is painless.
Cystometry The test in which a catheter is used to fill the bladder with carbon dioxide gas to measure urinary bladder capacity.
Menopause The natural cessation of the menstrual cycle.
Incontinence The loss of bladder control.
Amenorrhea The menstrual disturbance in which menstruation is absent.
Vasectomy Two purposes for semen analysis are to determine fertility and to evaluate the success of this procedure.
Vaginitis Inflammation of the vagina caused by bacteria, viruses, yeasts, or chemicals in sprays, douches, and/or tampons.
Metrorrhagia Bleeding between menstrual periods.
Menstruation A woman's normal cycle of preparation for conception.
Colostrum The first milk a mother produces after delivering a child.
Abruptio A serious condition of pregnancy characterized by vaginal bleeding, back, and abdominal plain.
Postpartum The period after a woman delivers an infant, during which her body attempts to get back to normal.
Colposcopy An examination of the vagina and cervix that is usually performed prior to a biopsy after results of a pap smear.
Dysuria Difficulty or pain with urination.
Nagele's Rule This is used to estimate the delivery or due date or pregnant woman.
Pap Smear A pathologic test used to diagnosed cervical cancer.
Menorrhagia An excessive amount of menstrual flow or a prolonged period of menstruation.
Hysterectomy The surgical removal of the uterus.
Epididymitis Bacterial infection of the epididymis; causes pain, swelling, and sometimes fever.
Hyrdocele Excess fluid in the scrotum.
Impotence Inability either to achieve or to maintain an erection.
Kidney Stones Chemical substances in the urine for crystals in the kidney, ureter, or bladder.
Prostatic Hypertrophy (Hyperplasia) Enlargement of the prostate gland.
Prostatitis Inflammation of the prostate.
Sexually Transmitted Infections Numerous diseases acquired trough sexual contact.
Urethritis Inflammation of the urethra.
Vaginitis Inflammation of the vagina caused by bacteria.
Sexual Function Disorders Interruption or lack of sexual response cycle.
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Symptoms include swelling, bloating, weight gain, breast tenderness, headaches, and mood shifts.
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) A severe form of premenstrual syndrome that affects 5% of women. Symptoms have very disrupting effects on the patient's life.
Polyps Red, soft, and fragile growths, with slender stem attachments.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Acute, chronic infection of reproductive tract. A cause may be an untreated STI.
Ovarian Cyst Sacs of fluid or semisolid material, usual benign without symptoms.
Menstrual Disturbances Amenorrhea, Dysmenorrhea, Menorrhagia, and Metrorrhagia.
Fibroids/Leiomyomas Common, benign, smooth tumors of muscle cells grouped in uterus.
Fibrocystic Breast Disease Benign, fluid-filled cysts or nodules in breasts; sometimes confused with malignant growths.
Endometriosis Endometrial tissue present outside uterus, usually in pelvic area.
Ectopic Pregnancy Fertilized egg unable to move out of fallopian tube in uterus for implantation.
Infancy Birth to 12 months.
Early Childhood 12 months to 4 years.
Middle Childhood 5 years to 10 years.
Adolescence 12 years to 21 years.
Asthma Inflammation of the airways caused by triggers such as animals, dust, mold, pollen, tobacco smoke, exercise, strong emotions, and viral infections.
Head lice Small insects easily spread among children by head-to-head contact and by sharing objects such as combs and hairbrushes.
Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) Causes cold sore blisters on or near the mouth.
Impetigo Highly contagious dermatologic disease caused by staphylococcal, or sometimes streptococcal, bacteria, and is transmitted by direct contact.
Ringworm Contagious fungal infection of the scalp, groin, feet, and other areas of the body.
Scarlet Fever Red rash that starts as patches and turns into fine bumps.
Streptococcal Sore Throat Contagious disease spread by droplet.
Down Syndrome Congenital Disorder resulting from one extra chromosome.
Created by: DGarland
 

 



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