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Flash Cards 09

Cardiovascular System

TermDefinition
valvul/o valve
atri/o atrium
sept/o septum
ventricul/o ventricule
cardi/o heart
coron/o heart
aort/o aorta
arteri/o artery
ather/o fatty plaque
phleb/o, ven/o vein
pectoralgia pain in the chest
angina pectoris chest pain due to irregular flow to heart
palpitation rapid/irregular beating of the heart
arrhythmia,dysrhythmia to have an irregular heartbeat
endocardium inner lining of the heart
myocardium middle layer of the heart(muscle)
epicardium tissue lining the outside of the heart
pericardium tissue around the heart
superior vena cava collects blood from the head, neck, upper chest, and arms
inferior vena cava collects blood from the lower body regions
diastolic pressure is pressure on vessel walls while the heart is relaxing (diastole)
systolic pressure pressure on the vessel walls when the heart is contracting(systole)
systemic circulation circulation from the heart to everywhere except the lungs and heart
pulmonary circulation circulation from the heart through the pulmonary vessels to pick up oxygen and back to heart
coronary circulation circulation to heart muscle and back to heart (right atrium)
congestive cardiomyopathy, dilated cardiomyopathy heart can not pump out all the blood, makes the heart become stretched and dilated
hypertrophic cardiomyopathy enlarged heart muscle obstructs flow of blood
restrictive cardiomyopathy stiffened heart muscle restricts filling, blood pumped is reduced
NSR normal sinus rhythum
A-fib atrial fibrillation
SCA sudden cardiac arrest (no heart beat)
ASD atrial septal defect
VSD ventricular septal defect
MVP mitral valve prolapse (valve does not close correctly)
CO cardiac output(amount of blood pumped in one minute(L))
SV stroke volume(amount of blood ejected by the ventricle in one contraction(mL))
ECHO echocardiogram
TEE transesophageal echocardiogram
CTA computed tomographic angiography
EKG electrocardiogram
MRA magnestic resonance angiography
CHF congestive heart failure(heart is weak)
MI myocardial infarction(heart muscle death)
CAD coronary artery disease
CABG coronary artery bypass graft
BP blood pressure
CTA computed tomographic angiography
PCI percutaneous coronary intervention( procedures used to thread tools into vessels and in the heart)
AA abdominal aortic aneurysm
DVT deep vein thrombosis
HTN hypertenison
aneurysm localized widening of an artery, vein or heart, typically a bulge. it may rupture
cardiotonic a drug used to increase the efficiency of contractions of the heart muscle
stress electrocardiogram used to let the doctor know how the heart responds to being pushed(exercise)
cardiac catherization procedure used to help diagnose cardiovascular conditions
diaphoresis abnormal sweating in relation to the environment
murmur turbulent blood flow across heart valve which creates a "swishing" sound
Created by: laylaa
 

 



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