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Flash Cards 08

Hematological/Immunological Systems

coagul/o clotting
thromb/o blood clot
hem/o, hemat/o blood
cyt/o cell
leuk/o white
phleb/o, ven/o vein
lymph/o lymph
myel/o bone marrow or spinal cord
-emia blood
tonsill/o place, position
splen/o spleen
thym/o thymus
immun/o immune;protection
-penia deficiency
antigen any substance which causes your body to produce antibodies against it
antibody a protein produced by the body's immune system, detects when harmful substances are present
immunoglobulin protein produced by plasma cells and lymphocytes, attaches to foreign substances and destroys them
hemoglobin gives RBCs their color and helps carry oxygen from lungs to the rest of the body
CBC complete blood count
RBC red blood cells
Hct hematocrit measures the proportion of red blood cells in blood
Hgb hemaglobin
PLT platelets
WBC white blood cells
ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate - blood test that measures how quickly RBCs settle
INR international normalized ratio
PT prothrombin time
PTT partial thromboplastin time- blood test that sees how long the blood clots.
NCAT normocephalic atraumatic
ALL acute lymphocytic leukemia
AML acute myeloid leukemia- cancer that starts inside bone marrow
CML chronic myelogenous leukemis- cancer inside the bone marrow
DIC disseminated intravascular coagulation- disorder the proteins that controls blood clotting become overactive
HUS hemolytic uremic syndrome- condition in small blood vessels that can damage the kidneys and inflame
ITP immune thrombocytopenic purpura- bleeding disorder, immune system destroys platelets
TTP thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpurpa- blood disorder, platelet clumps form in small blood vessels
IV intravenous- into vein
IVIG intravenous immune globin- antibodies that are given intravenously
HIV human immunodeficiency virus- virus that attacks cells that help the body fight infection
AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome- chronic, life-threatening condition caused by HIV
EBV epstien-barr virus
HSM hepatosplenomegaly
LAD lymphadenopathy
apheresis, procedure blood is collected, (platelets/white blood cells) is taken out and the rest of the blood is returned to the donor
ischemia heart muscle doesn't get enough oxygen, shortage of blood and oxygen to heart muscle
perfusion passage of fluid through the circulatory/lmyphatic system to an organ or a tissue
hematocrit measures the proportion of red blood cells in the blood
erthrocytosis body makes too many red blood cells
oligocythemia a deficiency in total number of red blood cells currently present in the body
normocyte normal size red blood cell
anisocytosis unequal sized red blood cells
macroytosis larger than normal red blood cells
microsytosis smaller than normal red blood cells
Created by: laylaa
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