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Directional Terms

QuestionAnswer
Anatomy The study of the structure of the body parts and their relationships to one another (i.e. gross/macroscopic, microscopic, developmental)
Physiology The study of the normal functions of living organisms and their parts
Cytology (microscopic) Study of the cell
Histology (microscopic) study of tissues
Anatomical Position (A universal reference point) Body erect, feet slightly apart, palms facing slightly forward, thumbs point away from body
Superior (Cranial) Towards the head or upper part of a body structure; above
Inferior (Caudal) Away from the head, toward the lower part of a body structure; below
Anterior (Ventral) Toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Posterior (Dorsal) Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Medial Toward or at the midline of the body; on the inner side of
Lateral Away from the midline of the body; on the outer side of
Intermediate Between a more medial and a more lateral structure
Proximal Closer to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
Distal Farther from the origin of a body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
Superficial (external) Toward or at the body surface
Deep (internal) Away from the body surface; more internal
Body Planes
Sagittal divides the body into right and left parts
Midsagittal sagittal plane that lies on the midline
Frontal or Coronal divides the body into anterior and posterior parts
Transverse or horizontal (cross section) divides the body into superior and inferior parts
Oblique section cuts made diagonally
Created by: MLevy44