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CH 4 MED

TermDefinition
Epiphysis- ends of bones
Diaphysis- middle of bone; also called shaft
Metaphysis- neck; connects the diaphysis with the epiphysis
Skeleton- framework for your body
Axial- center
Appendicular- arms and legs
oste/o -osteopathy -periosteum
crani/o -craniometer -craniomalacia
cervic/o -cervical spine -cervicitis
spondyl/o -spondylitis
lumb/o -lumbar -lumbodynia
branchi/o -brachiocephalic -brachialgia
dactyl/o -adactyly -dactylagia
carp/o -carpectomy -metacarpal
cost/o -costectomy -intercostal
femor/o -femoral artery
tibi/o -tibialgia
tars/o -tarsitis -tarsalgia
chondr/o -chondritis -chondromalacia
arthr/o -arthritis -arthroscopic surgery
burs/o -bursitis -bursectomy
ten/o tenodynia
tend/o tendolysis
tendin/o tendinitis
muscul/o musuloskeletal system
my/o myopathy
myos/o myositis
fasci/o -fasciotomy -fasciitis
Motion: -muscles allow you to move *kinesi/o
Motion: -Create and maintain posture by having a constant pressure or tone *ton/o
Motion: -The nervous system sends signals to the music to contract (move or create tone) *tax/o
Motion: Disorders of movement: * -paresis *-plegia
ton/o -dystonia -tonograph
kinesi/o -kinesiology -hyperkinesia -kinetic energy
tax/o -ataxia -hypotaxia
Appearance of legs: -Genu varum bow-legged
Appearance of legs: Genu valgrum knocked-kneed
spinal curvatures: -scoliosis lateral curvature of the spine
spinal curvatures: lordosis abnormal forward curvature of the lower spine
spinal curvatures: kyphosisi abnormal curvature of the upper spine
Bone Fracture: a break in the bone -The fracture name describes the way in which the bone was fractured.
Correcting bone fractures: closed reduction returning bones to proper position without surgery
Correcting bone fractures: open reduction returning bones to proper position with surgery
Correcting bone fractures: exernal fixation fixatioin (keeping still) of a bone from the outside of the body (cast,splint)
Correcting bone fractures: internal fixation fixation (keeping still) of a bone from the inside of the body (plates, screws)
Miscellaneous devices: orthotics straighten or help to strengthen or stabilize a part of the body
Miscellaneous devices: prosthesis replaces a missing part
*The ligaments of the knee -The anterior/posterior ligaments are cruciates *ACL *PCL ACL-anterior cruciate ligament PCL- Posterior cruciate ligament
-The medial/lateral ligaments are collaterals *MCL LCL MCL-median collateral ligament LCL-lateral collateral ligament
Abbreviations of treatments: -EMG electromyogram
ABB of Conditions: -CTS -MD -OA -RA CTS: carpal tunnel syndrome MD: muscular dystrophy OA: osteoarthritis RA: rheumatoid arthritis
Abb that describe the patient's activity level: -FROM -ROM FROM: full range of motion ROM: range of motion
Abb for treatments: -NSAID nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
Abb. for treatments: ORIF open reduction internal fixation
Abb for treatments: PT physcial therapy
Abb for treatments: RICE rest, rice, compression, elevation
Abb for Treatments: THR total hip replacement
Abb for Treatments: TKR total knee replacement
abb. for treatments: WB weight bearing
Abb. for treatments: WBAT weight bearing as tolerated
Created by: Gabgua2083
 

 



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