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Flash Cards 04+05

TermDefinition
epiphysis ends of the bone
diaphysis middle of bone; also called shaft
metaphysis neck; connects the diaphysis with the epiphysis
axial center
appendicular arms and legs
oste/o bone
crani/o cranium/skull
cervic/o neck,cervix
spondyl/o vertebrae
lumb/o loins/lumbar
brachi/o arm
dactyl/o fingers/toes
carp/o wrist
cost/o ribs
femor/o femor
tibi/o tibia
tars/o foot,ankle
chron/o time/timing
arthr/o joint
burs/o bursa, fluid sac near joints
ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o tendon
muscul/o, my/o, myos/o muscle
fascia/o fibrous membrane covering, supporting, and separating tissue
ton/o pressure or tension
kinesi/o movement
tax/o order, coordination
ankyl/o crooked,bent
-paraesis muscular weakness caused by nerve damage/disease
-plegia
genu valgum knees angle in and touch each other when legs are straightened
genu varum knees stay apart even when standing with feet and ankles together
scoliosis sideways curvature of the spine
lordosis a curving inward of the lower back
kyphosis excessive outward curvature of the spine, causing hunching of the back
transverse fracture bone is broken at a right angle to the long plane of the bone
oblique fracture complete fracture that occurs to the long axis of the bone
spiral fracture occurs due to a rotational or twisting force (complete fracture)
angulated fracture the normal axis of the bone has been altered that the distal portion of the bone points off in a different direction
displaced fracture bone breaks into two or more parts
angulated & displaced fracture loss of axial alignment, angulation at a tilt
closed reduction surgical procedure to repair a fracture or dislocation to correct alignment
open reduction surgeon makes an incision to re-align the bone
external fixation used to keep fractured bones stabilized and in alignment
internal fixation surgical implementation of implants for preparing a bone. bones are held together with hardware
orthotics branch of medicine that deals with artificial devices
prosthesis an artificial body part
ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) tissue that connects the thighbone to the shinbone at the knee
PCL (posterior cruciate ligament) fibrous band of tissue on the inside of the knee, connecting the shinbone to the thigh bone
MCL (mdeical collateral ligament) fibrous band of tissue located on the inside of the knee joint, connecting the thigh bone with the top of the shinbone
LCL (lateral collateral ligament)
EMG (electromyography) diagnostic procedure that evaluates the health condition of muscles and the nerve cells that control them
CTS (carpal tunnel syndrome) problem affecting the hand function caused by compression of the median nerve at the wrist
MD doctor of medicine
OA (osteoarthritis) causes inflammation in the joints and breakdown and gradual loss of joint cartilage
RA rhuematoid arthritis
FROM
ROM (range of motion) a joint from full extension to full flexion(bending) measured in degrees
NSAID (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) prescribed medications for treating conditions like arthritis
ORIF (open reduction and internal fixation) surgery used to stabilize and heal broken bone
PT physical therapy
RICE treatment for soft tissue injuries (rest, ice, compression, and elevation)
THR (total hip replacement) treatment option for late-stage degenerative hip disease
TKR (total knee replacement) surgical procedure to resurface a knee damages by arthritis
WB weight bearing, whole blood
WBAT weight bearing as tolerated
Fx fracture
subluxation a partial dislocation
rheumatoid arthritis chronic progressive disease causing inflammation in the joints and results in painful deformity and immobility
septic arthritis painful infection in a joint
crepitus grating sound or sensation produced by friction between bone and cartilage or fractured parts of the bone
effusion escape of fluid into a body cavity
endartectomy surgical procedure to remove the artheromatous plaque material or blockage in lining of the artery
causalgia complex regional pain; neurological disorder that can produce long-lasting pain
interictal period between seizures or convulsions
postictal state of consciousness after an epileptic seizure
preictal occurring before a convulsion or stroke
dyslexia learning disorder with difficulty reading due to problems identifying speech sounds and learning how they relate to letters and words
syncope fainting or passing out, temporary drop in amount of blood flow to the brain
anosmia loss of the ability to detect one or more smells
catatonia motor abnormalities
dementia loss of memory, language, problem-solving and other thinking abilities
delirium sudden state of confusion and rapid changes in brain function
cerebr/o, encephal/o brain, cerebral, cerebrum
cerebell/o little brain
lob/o ear or liver
cephal/o head
mening/o, meningi/o membranes; covering the brain and spinal cord
dur/o hard
neur/o nerve, nerve tissue
gangli/o tumor, ganglion
myel/o spinal cord or bone marrow
esthesi/o sense perception
phas/o speech
phren/o, psych/o diaphram, mind, heart
somn/o, somn/i, hypn/o sleep
gnosi/o knowledge
-mania obsession with something
-phobia fear of something
neuroglycopenia shortage of glucose in the brain
nystagmus rapid involuntary movement of the eyes
afferent nerve nerves traveling into the nervous system
efferent nerve nerves that are leaving a nervous system
anesthesiologist physician specializing in anesthesiology
psychiatrist medical practitioner specializing in diagnosis and treat of mental illness
psychologist specialist in physcology
neurogenic caused by, controlled by, or rising in the nervous system
psychosomatic physical illness caused by a mental factor such as internal conflict or stress
CNS central nervous system
CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) collection test to look at liquid that surrounds brain and spinal cord
PNS (peripheral nervous system) connect the cns to sensory organs and other organs
MS (multiple sclerosis) nervous system disease that affects your brain and spinal cord
TIA (transient ischemic attack) temporary blockage of blood of the brain similar to a stroke
EEG (elctroencephalogram) a test that detects electrical activity in the brain using small, metal discs attached to the scalp
EMG (electromyography
ICP (intracranial pressure) pressure exerted by fluids such as CSF
LOC loss of consciousness
LP (lumbar puncture) invasive outpatient procedure used to improve a sample of CSF from spine
MRA (magnetic resonance angiography) type of MRI that looks specifically at blood vessels
PET (positron emission tomography) type of imaging test, using radioactive substance to look for disease in the body
SRS (stereostatic radiosurgery) form of radiation therapy that focuses high power energy on small area of the body
ADHD (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) chronic condition including attention difficulty, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness
OCD (obsessive compulsive disorder) excessive thoughts (obsessions) that lead to repetitive behaviors (compulsions)
ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) nervous system disease that weakens muscles and impacts physical function
CP (cerebral palsy) group of disorders that affect a person's ability to move and maintain balance and posture
CVA loss of blood flow to part of the brain, which damages brain tissue
HD (huntington disease) los of neurons in the brain
Created by: laylaa