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A&P Unit 1&2

Study Cards

TermDefinition
Anatomy Study of structure and shape of the body and its parts
Physiology Study of how the body and its parks work and function
Gross Anatomy Large Structures, easily observed
Microscopic Anatomy Only seen through a microscope
Integumentary system Skin, external body covering, protects deeper inside body, nerve receptors
Skeletal System Protection and support, muscle attachment for moving, blood cell forming, mineral storage
Muscular System Allows body movement, maintains posture, creates heat
Nervous System Fast-acting control system, brain, spinal cord, response to internal and external charges, activates muscles/glands
Endocrine System Secretes hormones which aid in growth, reproduction, and metabolism
Cardiovascular System Heart, blood vessels, transport materials in blood pumped by heart, oxygen, co2, nutrients and waste transported
Lymphatic Returns fluid to blood vessels, disposes debris, involved in immunity, destroys bacteria and tumor cells
Respiratory Keeps blood in oxygen and removes the CO2
Digestive System Breaks down food, allows for nutrient absorption, eliminates indigestible material
Urinary Eliminates nitrogenous waste, maintains a balance in the body between acid and bases, regulates water and electrolytes level
Reproductive System Produces offspring
Homeostasis Stable operating conditions internally
Positive Feedback Increases stimulus to push variable farther, only in blood clotting and the birth of a baby
Negative Most homeostatic control mechanisms, shuts off og stimulus, or reduces it, works like a thermostat (shivering/sweating)
Superior Towards the head
Inferior Towards the toes/away from head
Anterior Forward/At front
Posterior Towards the back/behind
Medial Towards the body midline
Lateral Away from midline, towards the side
Intermediate Between a more medial or lateral structure
Proximal Close to the origin of the body
Distal Farther from the body's origin
Superficial Towards or at the body surface
Deep Underneath the body surface
Created by: rrodriguez7056
 

 



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