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A&P Unit 1

The Human Body An Orientation

TerDefinition
Abdominal anterior body trunk inferior to ribs
Acromial Pertaining to the point of the shoulder
Anatomical position erect, feet forward, arms at side with palms facing forward, head facing forward
Anatomy study of body structure
Antecubital front of elbow
Axillary the armpit region
Brachial region of the upper arm
Buccal of or relating to the mouth.
Cardiovascular system the body system that consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood, and that carries needed substances to cells and carries waste products away from cells
Carpal Pertaining to the wrist
Cephalic Pertaining to the head
Cervical neck region
Coxal the hip region
Crural region of the shin
Deltoid a large triangular muscle covering the shoulder joint and serving to abduct and flex and extend and rotate the arm
Diaphragm Large, flat muscle at the bottom of the chest cavity that helps with breathing
Digestive system provides the body with nutrients, water, and electrolytes essential for health. These organs serve to ingest, digest, and absorb food and eliminate the remains
Digital fingers and toes
Dorsal Pertaining to the back
Endocrine system the system of glands that produce endocrine secretions that help to control bodily metabolic activity
Excretion getting rid of waste matter (as urine or sweat but especially feces) discharged from the body
Femoral of or relating to or near the femur or thigh
Fibular lateral side of the leg
Gluteal pertaining to the buttocks or rump
Homeostasis process by which organisms maintain a relatively stable internal environment
Inguinal area where thigh meets body trunk; groin
Integumentary system the skin and its accessory structures such as hair and nails
Lumbar area of back between ribs and hips
Lymphatic system a network of structures which drains fluid from tissue spaces and returns it to the blood
Metabolism The combination of chemical reactions through which an organism builds up or breaks down materials
Midsagittal/median divides the body into equal left and right halves
Muscular system enables movement of the body and internal organs
Negative feedback a mechanism of response in which a stimulus initiates reactions that reduce the stimulus
Nervous system the sensory and control apparatus consisting of a network of nerve cells
Nutrients compounds in food that the body requires for proper growth, maintenance, and functioning
Occipital posterior surface of head
Orbital eye region
Organ a collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function of the body
Organism a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently
Patellar region of the kneecap
Pelvic Pertaining to the pelvis region
Physiology processes and functions of an organism
Popliteal Posterior knee area
Positive feedback A physiological control mechanism in which a change in some variable triggers mechanisms that amplify the change
Pubic genital region
Receptor a cellular structure that is postulated to exist in order to mediate between a chemical agents that acts on nervous tissue and the physiological response
Reproductive system system of organs involved in producing offspring
Respiratory system system responsible for taking in oxygen and releasing carbon dioxide using the lungs
Responsiveness is the organism's ability to sense changes taking place inside or outside the body
Sacral The posterior region between the hipbones
Sagittal section cut made along a longitudinal plane dividing the body into right and left parts
Scapular relating to or near the shoulder blade
Skeletal system organ system that provides protection and support for body parts (bones, cartilage, ligaments)
Sternal pertaining to the region of the breastbone
Sural Pertaining to the calf or posterior surface of the leg
Tarsal Pertaining to the ankle
Thoracic chest region
Tissues groups of similar cells that perform a specific function in an organism
Transverse divides the body into upper and lower halves
Umbilical central region near the navel
Urinary system removes waste products from blood and maintains water balance within body
Vertebral pertaining to the area of the spinal column
Created by: ealvarado2610