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Medical Language 1

Medical Language

TermDefinition
Gen/o/JIN-oh Causing a disease
Hydr/o HAI-droh Loss of water
Morph/o MOR-foh Forms of living organisms
Myc/O MAI-koh Fungal Infection
necr/o NEK-roh Death of most or all cells of organ or tissue
Orth/o OR-thoh Treat irregularities of teeth and jaws
Path/o PAH-thoh Cause and effects of diseases
Phag/o FAY-goh Trouble swallowing
Plans/o PLAS-oh Enlargement of an organ or tissue
Pay/o PAI-oh Pus forming bacteria
Scler/o SKLEH-roh Chronic hardening and tightening of the skin
Sten/o STIH-noh The abnormal narrowing of a passage in the body
Troph/o TROH-foh Nutrition
Xen/o ZEE-noh Transplant donor from different species
Xer/o ZEH-roh Dry skin
-ac ak Pertaining to cardiac
-al al Pertaining to skeletal
-ar ar Pertaining to muscular
-ary ar-ee Pertaining to pulmonary
-eal ee-al Pertaining to esophageal
-ic ik Pertaining to medic
-tic tik Pertaining to neurotic
-ous us Pertaining to subcutaneous
-ia ee-ah Lung inflammation condition
-ism iz-um A developmental disorder condition
-ium ee-um Tissue,structure
-y ee Condition of organ or tissue
-iatrics ee-AH-triks Medicine dealing with children
-iatry AL-ah-tree Study and treatment of mental illness
-iatrist EE-ah-trist Medical specialist in mental illness
-ist ist Specialist in dentistry
-logist loh-jist Specialist in psychology
-logy loh-jee Study of psychology
-algia AL-jah Pain in muscle
-dynia DAI-nee-ah Pain in stomach
-cele SEEL Tissue where it doesn’t belong
-emia EE-mee-ah Blood condition
-iasis AL-ah-sis Formations of stony concretions in the body
-itis AL-tis Inflammation of joints
-lysis lih-sis Destruction of red blood cells
-malacia mah-LAY-shah Softening of bones
-megaly MEH-gah-lee Enlargement
-oid OYD Resembling
-oma OH-mah Tumor
-oasis Oh-sis Condition
-pathy-path-thee Disease
-penia-PEE-nee-ah Deficiency
-ptosis-Pugh-TOH-sis Drooping
-rrhage RIJ -rrhagia RAY-jee-ah Excessive flow
-rrhea REE-ah Flow
-rrhexis REK-sis Rupture
-spasm SPAZ-um Involuntary contraction
-centesis sin-TEE-sis Puncture
-gram gram Written record
-graph graf Instrument used to record
-graphy grah-fee Process of recording
-meter mee-ter Instrument used to measure
-metry meh-tree Process of measuring
-scope skohp Instrument used to look
-scopy skoh-pee Process of looking
-desis DEE-sis Binding, fixation
-ectomy EK-Toh-mee Removal
-pexy PEK-see Surgical fixation
-plasty PLAS-tee Reconstruction
-rrhaphy rah-fee Suture
-stomy Stoh-mee Creation of an opening
-tomy toh-mee Incision
-a. -ae Vertebra vertebrae Larva larvae
-ax -aces Thorax Thoraces
-ex -ices Cortex Cortices
-ix -ices Appendix Appendices
-is -es Neurosis. Neuroses Diagnosis. Diagnoses
-ma -mata Sarcoma. Sarcomata Carcinoma. Carcinomata
-on -a Spermatozoon. Spermatozoa Ganglion. Ganglia
-um -a Datum. Data Bacterium. Bacteria Ovum. Ova
-us -i Nucleus. Nuclei Alveolus alveoli Thrombus thrombi
-y -ies Biopsy. Biopsies Myopathy Myopathies
A-ay An-an Not
Anti-AN-tee Contra-KON-trah Against
De-dee Down, away from
Ante-an-tee Pre-pree Before
Pro-proh Before, on behalf of
Brady-brah-dih Slow
Tachy-tak-ih Fast
Post-pohst After
Re-ree Again
Ab-ab Away
Ad-ad Toward
Circum-sir-kum Peri-per-ee Around
Dia-dai-ah Trans-tranz Through
E- Eh Ec- Ek Ex Eks Out
Ecto-ek-toh Exo-ek-soh Extra-eks-trah Outside
En-en Endorse-en-doh Intra-in-trah In, inside
Epi-eh-pee Upon
Sub-sub Beneath
Inter-in-ter Between
Bi-bai Two
He I-heh-mee Semi-she-mee Half
Hyper-hai-poh Over
Hypo-hai-poh Under
Macro-mak-roh Large
Micro-mai-kroh Small
Mono-maw-noh Uni-yoo-nee One
Oligo-aw-lih-goh Few
Pan-pan All
Poly-pawlee Multi-mul-tee Many
Con-kon Syn-sin Sym-sim With, together
Dys-dis Bad
Eu-yoo Good
Combining vowels are used to: - Join a root to any suffix beginning with a consonant - Join two roots together - Join two roots together even when the second root begins with a vowel
Created by: bridgetleyva