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Flash Cards 01+02

ROOTS

TermDefinition
gen/o creation, cause
hydr/o water
morph/o change
myc/o fungus
necr/o death
orth/o straight
path/o suffering/disease
phag/o eat
plas/o formation
py/o pus
scler/o hard
sten/o narrowing
troph/o nourishment/development
xen/o foreign
xer/o dry
-ac pertaining to
-al pertaining to
-ar pertaining to
-ary pertaining to
-eal pertaining to
-ic pertaining to
-tic pertaining to
-ous pertaining to
-ia condition
-ism condition
-ium tissue, structure
-y condition, procedure
-icle small
-ole small
-ule small
-ula small
-iatrics medical science
-iatry medical science
-iatrist specialist medicine of
-ist specialist
-logist specialist in the study of
-logy study of
-algia pain
-dynia pain
-cele hernia(bulging of tissue into an area where it doesn't belong)
-emia blood condition
-iasis presence of
-itis inflammation
-lysis loosen, break down
-malacia abnormal softening
-megaly enlargment
-oid resembling
-oma tumor
-osis condition
-pathy disease
-penia deficiency
-ptosis drooping
-rrhage excessive flow
-rrhagia excessive flow
-rrhea flow
-rrhexis rupture
-spasm involuntary contraction
-centesis puncture
-gram written record
-graph instrument used to produce a record
-graphy process of recording
-meter instrument used to measure
-metry process of measuring
-scope instrument used to look
-scopy process of looking
-desis binding, fixation
-ectomy removal
-pexy surgical fixation
-plasty reconstruction
-rrhaphy suture
-stomy creation of an opening
-tomy incision
a- not
an- not
anti- against
contra- against
de- down, away
ante- before
pre- before
pro- before, on behalf of
brady- slow
tachy- fast
post- after
re- again
ab- away
ad- toward
circum- around
peri- around
dia- through
trans- through
e- out
ec- out
ex- out
ecto- outside
exo- outside
extra- outside
en- in, inside
endo- in, inside
intra- in, inside
epi- upon
sub- beneath
inter- between
bi- two
hemi- half
semi- half
hyper- over
hypo- under
macro- large
micro- small
mono- one
uni- one
oligo- few
pan- all
poly- many
multi- many
con- with, together
syn- with, together
sym- with, together
dys- bad
eu- good
Impression clinical summation of information and/or an opinion formed, which is the outcome of the clinical assessment process
Diagnosis process of identifying a disease, condition, or injury from its signs and symptoms
Differential diagnosis distinguishing of a particular disease or condition from others that present similar clinical features
Etiology cause or origin, the cause of the disease or abnormal condition
Idiopathic the cause of the disease or process is not know
Benign condition, tumor, or growth that is not cancerous. does not spread to other parts of the body
Malignant presence of cancerous cells that have the ability to spread to other sites in the body
Remission A decrease in or disappearance of signs and symptoms of cancer
Morbidity medical problems caused by treatment. having the disease or symptom of a disease
Mortality death rate, number of deaths
Prognosis likely outcome or course of a disease; the chance of recovery or recurrence
Localized restricted or limited to a specific body part or region
Systemic/generalized effecting the entire body rather than one single body part/organ
Pathogen a specific causative agent (such as a bacterium or virus) of disease
Lesion any damage or abnormal change in the tissue of an organism, usually caused by disease or trauma
Sequelae pathological condition resulting from a prior disease, injury, or attack
disposition
Observation assessment of a patient's condition, or analysis of data collected
Reassurance let patients know that their symptoms do not appear to be caused by physical disease
Supportive care prevent or treat as early as possible the symptoms of a disease
Palliative Medical or comfort care that reduces the severity of a disease or slows its progress, but does not provide a cure
Proximal nearer to the center (trunk of the body) or to the point of attachment to the body
Distal parts of the body further away from the center
Medial toward the middle or center
Lateral the outer side of the body part
Superior above or over top
Inferior below and closer to the feet
Anterior(ventral) near or toward the head
Posterior(dorsal) behind or at the rear of
Supine lying horizontally with the face and torso facing up
Prone lying facing down
Contralateral control occurring on, affecting, or acting in conjunction with a part on the opposite side of the body the motor cortex
Ipsllateral control the same side
Unilateral occurring on, performed on, or affecting one side of the body or one of its parts
Bilateral affecting the right and left sides of the body
Dorsum upper surface (top of hand)
Palmar palm of hand
Plantar sole of the foot
Coronal Plane any vertical plane that divides the body into ventral and dorsal (belly and back) sections
Transverse Plane(Axial) divides the body into superior and inferior parts
Sagittal Plane dividing it into right and left parts
Pre-Op time before surgery, before operation
OR operating room
PACU post-anesthesia care unit
Post-Op after surgical operation
ICU intensive care unit
CCU coronary care unit
SICU surgical intensive care unit
PICU pediatric intensive care unit
NICU neonatal intensive care unit
ER emergency room
ED erectile dysfunction
ECU eternal care unit
L&D labor and delivery
*male symbol* male
*female symbol* female
(R) right
(L) left
(B) bilateral(both sides)
^ up
down
VS vital signs
HR heart rate
RR respiratory rate
BP blood pressure
T temperature
I input
O output
Dx diagnosis
DDx deferential diagnosis
Tx treatment
Rx medication
Hx history
PMHx past medical history
FHx family history
H&P history and physical
CC chief complaint
HPI history of present illness
ROS review of symptoms
PE physical examination
PCP primary care physician
PERRLA pupils, equal, round, and reactive to light and accommodation
NOS not otherwise specified
RRR regular rate and rhythm
CTA clear to auscultation
A&O alert and oriented
NAD no acute distress
PO per os (by mouth)
IV intravenous
SC subcutaneous
CVL central venous line
IM intramuscular
PR per rectum (anal)
NPO nil per os (nothing by mouth)
prn when necessary
QID four times a day
QD on a day
AC before meals
TID three times a day
BID twice a day
PC after meals
QHS at night
-a -ae
-ax -aces
-ex -ices
-ix -ices
-is -es
-ma -mata
-on -a
-um -a
-us -i
-y -ies
Created by: laylaa