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Directional Terms

Mr. G’s Directionals Terms and Body Planes

anatomy The science dealing with the form and structure of living organisms.
physiology All the functions of a living organism or any of its parts.
anatomic position Body standing erect, facing forward, feet pointed forward and slightly apart, arms hanging down by the sides with palms facing forward.
midline a line dividing the body down the middle starting with the head and extending downward toward the feet.
midsagittal plane A plane that divides the body into equal right and left sides
superior above or higher
inferior below or lower
anterior towards the front
posterior towards the back
ventral towards the belly side
dorsal towards the back, back side
proximal closer to the point or origin or attachment
distal far from a point of attachment
medial towards the middle or midline
lateral towards the side, away from the midline
cephalic towards the head
caudal towards the tail, sacrum
superficial towards the surface
deep inside, within
palmer palm of the hand
planter sole of the feet
coronal plane, frontal plane divides the body into front and back
transverse plane, horizontal, plane divides the body into superior and inferior sections
ipsilateral same side
contralateral opposite side
Created by: smnewman