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Cell Term

Mr. G’s Cell terms

Cell membrane The outer protective covering of the cell. Also called plasma membrane. It is semipermeable. (Acts like a door.)
Cytoplasm Semifluid inside the cell. (Comparable to the air inside of a factory.)
Organelles Structures found inside a cell that help the cell to function.
Nucleus The brain of the cell because it controls the functions of the cell including mitosis. (The main office of the factory.)
Nucleolus One or more small round bodies located inside the nucleus and important in cell reproduction. (Manager of the factory. )
Chromatin Located in the nucleus and made of DNA and proteins.
Mitochondria Rod shaped organelles. Called the furnace or powerhouse of the cell because the breakdown nutrients to produce energy. (Power Generators in the factory.)
Vacuoles Structures that allow waste molecules and larger enzymes to pass through the cell membrane. (Similar to the doors of a factories loading dock)
Golgi apparatus Structure that produces, stores and packages secretions for discharge from the cell. (Similar to the doors of a loading dock allowing large enzymes and waste molecules to pass through the cell membrane.)
Endoplasmic reticulum Fine network of tubular structures. Allows for transport of material into and out of the nucleus and aids in the production of proteins. (Similar to a conveyor belt in a factory moving construction materials (ribosome) into and out of the nucleus.)
Lysosomes Oval structures that contain digestive enzymes that digest and destroy old cells, bacteria and foreign material. (Janitor of the cell. Helps to clean up.)
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid (building plans for the cell)
Ribosomes Organelles that help build proteins. (Assembly teams of the factory.)
Created by: smnewman