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Chapter 11 - Bell

Ch. 11: The Gastrointestinal System—Gastroenterology - Bell

or/o mouth
stomat/o mouth
dent/o tooth
odont/o tooth
gingiv/o gum
gloss/o tongue
lingu/o tongue
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
enter/o intestine
duoden/o duodenum
jejun/o jejunum
ile/o ileum
col/o colon
colon/o colon
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
rect/o rectum
an/o anus
proct/o anus and rectum
sial/o saliva
bil/i bile
chol/e bile
abdomin/o abdomen
celi/o abdomen
lapar/o abdomen
cyst/o bladder
doch/o duct
hepat/o liver
hepatic/o liver
pancreat/o pancreas
peritone/o peritoneum
BE barium enema
NGT nasogastric tube
BM bowel movement
N &V nausea and vomiting
EGD esophagogsrtoduodenoscopy
ERCP endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
EUS endoscopic ultrasound
FOBT fecal occult blood test
LFT liver function test
GB gallbladder
GI gastrointestinal
UGI upper gastrointestinal
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
PUD peptic ulcer disease
NGT nasogastric tube
NPO nothing by mouth (nihil per os)
PEG percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
PEJ percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy
LUQ left upper quadrant (abdominal)
RUQ right upper quadrant (abdominal)
LLQ left lower quadrant (abdominal)
RLQ right lower quadrant (abdominal)
ascites retention of fluid in the peritoneum
Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT) test of feces to discover blood not visibly apparent
peritoneum a membrane that lines the abdominal cavity and covers most of the abdominal organs
hernia a bulging of tissue into an area where it doesn’t belong
chyme a paste-like substance in the stomach made from stomach juices and food that is physically and chemically softened
accessory organ organs that are not a part of the digestive tract but have a role in digestive activities; salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas
Created by: akibel6854
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