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Chapter 10 - Bell

Ch. 10: The Respiratory System—Pulmonology - Bell

adenoid/o adenoid- lymphatic tissue in the nasopharynx
tonsill/o tonsil- lymphatic tissue in the oropharynx
nas/o nose
rhin/o nose
palat/o palate
or/o mouth
laryng/o larynx- voice box
sept/o septum
sin/o sinus- hollow space
sinus/o sinus- hollow space
pneum/o lung or air (based on context)
pneumat/o lung or air (based on context)
pneumon/o lung or air (based on context)
pulmon/o lungs
lob/o lobe
bronch/o bronchus
bronchi/o bronchus
bronchiol/o bronchiole- little bronchi
alveol/l alveoli- air sac
stern/o sternum
cost/o ribs
thorac/o chest
pector/o (pectus) chest
steth/o chest
pleur/o pleura- membrane that surrounds the lung and chest wall
phren/o diaphragm
inspiration a process of respiration: the diaphragm and intercostal muscles contract, pressure in the chest decreases, air is “sucked” into the lungs
expiration a process of respiration: passive, does not require muscle contraction
ox/o oxygen
spir/o breathing
-pnea breathing
capn/o carbon dioxide
carb/o carbon dioxide
ABG arterial blood gas
Bx biopsy
CPAP continuous positive airway pressure
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
URI upper respiratory tract infection
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
IRDS infant respiratory distress syndrome
LTB laryngotracheobronchitis
OSA obstructive sleep apnea
PE pulmonary embolism
TB tuberculosis
CTA clear to auscultation
SOB shortness of breath
ET endotracheal tube
PFT pulmonary function test
PSG polysomnography
T&A tonsillectomy & adenoidectomy
nares two of them, right and left; the entry way into the nose
septum cartilage and bone that separates the nose into right and left sides
turbinates cartilages that swirl the air; done so it will increase contact with the inside of the nose to heat, humidify, and filter it
vascular large amount of blood vessels so that it will heat the incoming airs
mucus helps to humidify and trap dirt, debris, and pathogens from the air
trachea beginning of the lower respiratory tract; divides into right and left bronchi
bronchi air sacs that come from the trachea and enter the right and left lungs
lobar bronchi five bronchi, three on the right and two on the left; define the five lobes of the lung
segmental bronchi smaller segments of the lobar bronchi
bronchioles smaller airways of the segmental bronchi
alveoli at the end of bronchioles; tiny balloon-like structures surrounded by small blood vessels; helps oxygen pass into the blood
Created by: akibel6854