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Chapter 8 - Bell

Ch. 8: The Blood and Lymphatic System—Hematology and immunology - Bell

coagul/o coagulation (the blood gels)
thromb/o means clot
hem/o blood
hemat/o blood
cyt/o cells
leuk/o white
phleb/o vein
ven/o vein
lymph/o lymph
myel/o bone marrow
-emia blood condition
tonsill/o tonsil
splen/o spleen
thym/o thymus
immun/o immune system
-penia deficiency
antigen substance that will cause the production of an antibody
antibody substance produced by the body in response to an antigen
immunoglobulin protein that provides protection (immunity) against disease
hemoglobin protein in the red blood cells that carries oxygen
CBC complete blood cell count
RBC red blood count (erythrocyte count)
Hct hematocrit (proportion of erythrocytes to other blood components (plasma and buffy coat))
Hgb hemoglobin
PLT platelet
WBC white blood count (leukocyte count)
ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate (indication of inflammation, but very general test)
INR international normalized ratio (indication of clotting ability; often used when a patient is on anticoagulant therapy)
PT prothrombin time (indication of clotting ability; often used when a patient is in anticoagulant therapy)
PTT partial thromboplastin time (used with PT to evaluate clotting abnormalities, if any)
NCAT no cervical adenopathy or tenderness (documented by healthcare provider)
ALL acute lymphoblastic leukemia
AML acute myeloid leukemia
CML chronic myeloid leukemia
DIC disseminated intravascular coagulation
HUS hemolytic uremia syndrome (premature destruction of erythrocytes damage kidney; may result in kidney failure)
ITP idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (condition of easy bruising)
TTP thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (rare blood disorder; formation of clots in small vessels of the body)
IV intravenous
IVIG intravenous immunoglobulin (immunoglobulins are given to the patient intravenously)
apheresis general term for a process similar to dialysis, that draws out a patient’s blood, removes something from it, then returns the rest of the blood to the patient’s body
ischemia blockage if blood flow to an organ
perfusion circulation of blood through tissue
hematocrit test to judge or separate the blood; it is used to determine the ratio of red blood cells to total blood volume
normocyte normal sized erythrocyte
anisocytosis condition characterized by a great inequality in the size of red blood cells
macrocytosis condition characterized by large red blood cells
microcytosis condition characterized by small erythrocytes
Created by: akibel6854