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Ch. 4 &5-Collins

Ch. 4 & 5

Epiphysis ends of bones
Diaphysis middle of bone; also called shaft
metaphysis neck; connects the diaphysis with the epiphysis
Axial center
Appendicular arms and legs
oste/o bone
crani/o skull
cervic/o neck
spondyl/o vertebra
lumb/o lower brain/loin
brachi/o arm
dactyl/o finger
carp/o wrist
cost/o rib
femor/o femur
tibi/o tibia
tars/o ankle
chondr/o cartilage
arthr/o joint
burs/o bursa
ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o tendon
muscul/o, my/o, myos/o muscle
fasci/o fascia(fibrous connective tissue binding muscles together
kinesi/o movement
ton/o tone or pressure
tax/o arrangement, order and/or coordination
-paresis weakness/partial paralysis
-plegia complete paralysis
genu varum bow-legged
genu valgum knock-kneed
scoliosis lateral curvature of the spine
lordosis abnormal forward curvature of the lower spine
kyphosis abnormal forward of the upper spine
transverse a bone breaks at a 90 degree angle to the long axis
oblique a bone break that is curved or at an angle to the bone
spiral a bone break that occurs when a long bone is broke by a twisted force.
angulated a bone break that displaces where the normal axis of the bone has been altered such that the distal portion of the bone point off in a different direction.
displaced a bone break that causes two parts or more and moves so that the two ends are not lined up straight.
angulated & displaced
closed reduction returned bones to proper position without surgery
open reduction returning bones to proper position with surgery
external fixation fixation(keeping still) of bone from the outside of the body(cast/splint)
internal fixation fixation(keeping still) of bone from the inside of the body(plates/screws)
orthotics straighten or help to strengthen or stabilize a part of the body
prothesis replaces a missing part
ACL Anterior cruciate ligament
PCL Posterior cruciate ligament
MCL Medical cruciate ligament
LCL Later cruciate ligamet
EMG Electromyogram
CTS Carpal tunnel syndrome
OA Osteoarthritis
RA Rheumatoid arthritis
FROM Full Range of motion
ROM Range of motion
NSAID Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
ORIF open reduction internal fixation
PT physical therapy
RICE rest, ice, compression, elevation
THR total hip replacement
TKR total knee replacement
WB weight bearing
WBAT weight bearing as tolerated
cerebr/o, encephala/o brain
cerebell/o cerebellum(section of brain that is located below the cerebrum
lob/o lobe
cephal/o head
crani/o head or skull
mening/o, meningi/o meninges
dur/o dura
neur/o nerve
gangli/o nerve bundle
myel/o spinal cord or bone marrow
esthesi/o feeling or sensation
phas/o speech
phren/o, psych/o mind
somn/o, somn/I, hypn/o sleep
gnosi/o knowledge
-mania excessive desire
-phobia excessive fear
neuroglycopenia low blood sugar that interferes with normal brain activity
nystagmus involuntary back and forth eye movement
afferent nerve sensory nerve; goes from periphery to CNS
efferent nere motor nerve; goes from CNS to periphery
anesthesiologist doctor who specializes in anesthesiology(study of blocking the sensation of pain)
psychiatrist medical doctor who specialized in anesthesiology
psychologist doctor who specializes in the study of the mind
neurogenic originating from nerves
psychosomatic pertaining to relationship of the body and the mind
CNS central nervous system
PNS peripheral nervous system
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
MS multiple sclerosis
TIA transient ischemic attack
EEG Electroencephalogram
EMG Electromyogram
ICP intracranial pressure
LOC level of consciousness
LP lumbar puncture
MRA magnetic resonance angiography
PET positron emission tomography
SRS stereotactic radiosurgery
ADHD Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
OCD obsessive compulsive disorder
ALS amytrophic lateral sclerosis
CP cerebral palsy
CVA cerebrovascular accident
HD Huntington disease
Created by: TeeCollins



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