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Chapter 4 & 5 - Bell

Ch. 4: Musculoskeletal System—Orthopedics; Ch. 5: Nervous System—Neurology & Psy

Epiphysis Ends of bone
Diaphysis Middle of bone, shaft
Metaphysis Neck; connects the diaphysis with the epiphysis
Skeleton Framework for the body
Axial skeleton Made up of the bones in the center of the body
Appendicular skeleton Made up of the bones in the arms and legs
Oste/o Bone
Crani/o Head, skull
Cervic/o Neck
Spondyl/o Vertebra
Lumb/o Loin, lower back
Brachi/o Arm
Dactyl/o Fingers
Carp/o Wrist
Cost/o Ribs
Femor/o Femur, thigh bone
Tibi/o Tibia, shinbone
Tars/o Ankle
Chondr/o Cartilage
Arthr/o Joints
Burs/o Bursa
Ten/o Tendon
Tendin/o Tendon
Tend/o Tendon
Muscul/o Muscle
My/o Muscle
Myos/o Muscle
Fasci/o Fascia
Kinesi/o Movement
Ton/o Tome or tension, pressure
Tax/o Arrangement, order, and/or coordination
-paresis Partial paralysis
-plegia Complete paralysis
Genu varum Bow legged
Genu valgum Knock kneed
Scoliosis Lateral curvature of the spine
Lordosis Abnormal Forward curvature Of the lower spine
Kyphosis Abnormal forward curvature of the upper spine
Transverse fracture Fractured straight across
Oblique fracture Slanted fracture
Spiral fracture Created by a twisting force
Angulated fracture The bone is not in its proper position or alignment
Displaced fracture The broken pieces are not aligned
Angulated & displaced fracture The bone is not in its proper position and the broken pieces are unaligned
Closed reduction Returning bones to the proper position without surgery
Open reduction Returning bones to the proper position using surgery
External fixation Fixation of the bone from the outside of the body ie cast or splint
Internal fixation Fixation of a bone from the inside of the body ie plates or screws
Orthotics Straighten or help to strengthen or stabilize a part of the body
Prosthesis Replaces a missing part
ACL Anterior cruciate ligament
PCL Posterior cruciate ligament
MCL Median collateral ligament
LCL Lateral collateral ligament
EMG Electromyogram
CTS Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
MD Muscular dystrophy
OA Osteoarthritis
RA Rheumatoid Arthritis - inflammation of the joints; its symptoms resemble that of rheumatic fever
FROM Full range of motion
ROM Range of motion
NSAID Non steroidal anti inflammatory drug
ORIF Open reduction internal fixation
PT Physical Therapy
RICE Rest, ice, compression, elevation
THR Total hip replacement
TKR Total knee replacement
WB Weight bearing
WBAT Weight bearing as tolerated
Fx Fracture
Subluxation Partial dislocation of a joint
Septic Arthritis Inflammation of the joint caused by infection
Crepitus Crackling sounds of the joints with movement
Effusion Fluid build up
Cerebr/o Brain
Encephal/o Brain
Cerebell/o Cerebellum
Lob/o Lobe
Cephal/o Head
Crani/o Head, skull
Meningi/o Meninges
Mening/o Meninges
Dur/o Dura
Neur/o Nerve
Gangli/o Nerve bundle
Myel/o Spinal cord, bone marrow
Esthesi/o Feeling, sensation
Phas/o Speech
Phren/o Mind
Psych/o Mind
Somn/o Sleep
Somn/i Sleep
Hypn/o Sleep
Gnosi/o Know
-mania Excessive desire
-phobia Excessive fear or sensitivity
Neuroglycopenia Deficiency of sugar that interferes with normal brain activity
Nystagmus Involuntary back and forth eye movements
Afferent nerve A nerve that carries impulses toward the central nervous system
Efferent nerve A nerve that carries impulses away from the central nervous system
Anesthesiologist Doctor who specializes in anesthesiology
Psychiatrist Doctor who specializes in treatment of the mind
Psychologist Doctor who specializes in the study of the mind
Neurogenic Originally from/created by nerves
Psychosomatic Pertaining to the relationship between the body and the mind
CNS Central nervous system
CSF Cerebrospinal fluid
PNS Peripheral nervous system
MS Multiple Sclerosis
TIA Transient ischemic attack
EEG Electroencephalogram
EMG Electromyogram
ICP Intracranial pressure
LOC Level of consciousness
LP Lumbar puncture
MRA Magnetic resonance angiography
PET Positron emission tomography
SRS Stereotactic radiosurgery
ADHD Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
OCD Obsessive compulsive disorder
ALS Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig’s Disease)
CP Cerebral palsy
CVA Cerebrovascular accident
HD Huntington’s disease
Endarterectomy Removal of the inside of an artery
Causalgia Painful sensation of burning
Interictal Time between seizures
Postictal Time after a seizure
Preictal Time before a seizure
Dyslexia Difficulty reading
Syncope Fainting; losing consciousness due to temporary loss of blood flow to the brain
Anosmia Lack of a sense of smell
Catatonia Condition characterized by reduced muscle tone
Dementia Loss/decline in mental function
Delirium Brief loss of mental function
Created by: akibel6854
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