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V. Shuckahosee

anatomy study flash cards2

Neuronal Action Potentials 4 phases Resting phase depolarisation phase reolarisation phase hyperpolarisation phase
Plasma One of the 3 major body fluids "white blood" 90% water and 10% solutes
5 major types of glial cells astrocytes-attaches to the brain's blood capillaries microglia- engulf and destroys microorganisms; pruning ependymal cells-resemble epithelial cells oligodendrocytes- produce the fatty myelin sheath schwann cells-found only in PNS
Autonomic Nervous System divided into sympathetic division and parasympathetic division
multipolar neurons one axon, several dendrites; mostly in the brain and spinal cord subtypes: basket cells, pyramidal cells, spiny neurons
bipolar neurons one axon, only one highly branched dendrite; found in retina of the eye, inner ear, olfactory pathway
unipolar neurons single process extending from the cell body always sensory neurons, conducting info toward the CNS
3 types of lever arrangements first class- fulcum lie between the effort- pull or load second class- load ie between the fulcum and pull third class- pull is exerted between the fulcum and load (most common type in body)
Atlas Axis makes the head move side to side first cervical vertebrae- base of the skull second cervical vertebrae
Pharynx (throat) 3 anatomical divisions nasopharynx oropharynx laryngopharynx



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