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bone stuff big boy

axial skeleton skull, ribs & spine. protective bones
appendicular skeleton provides means for movement
compact bone strong dense outer layer
spongy bone inner & less dense layer
trabeculae filled with res and yellow marrow
red marrow produces red and white blood cells
yellow marrow stores fat cells
medullary cavity central cavity of long bones. contains trabeculae
periosteum tough, fibrous connective tissue that covers bone
endosteum lines marrow cavity
long bones consists of body and two enlarges ends
short bones consists of cancellous bone with a thin outer layer of compact bone
flat bones two plates of compact bones
irregular bones peculiarly shaped bones
sesamoid bones very small and oval
gliding joint most simple joint
hinge joint joint that permits flexion and extension only
pivot joint joint that allows rotation around a single axis
ellipsoid joint joint that allows flexion, extension, abduction, adduction and circumduction (wrist)
saddle joint joint that is in the thumb
ball and socket joint permits widest range of motion
synarthroses classification of joint that is immovable
amphiarthroses classification of joint that is slightly movable
diarthroses classification of joint that is freely movable
syndesmosis fibrous joint that is immovable or very slightly movable
suture fibrous joint that is immovable on the skull
gomphosis fibrous joint that is only in roots of teeth
symphysis cartilaginous joint that is slightly movable
synchondrosis cartilaginous joint that is immovable
synovial joints freely movable. has bursae and meniscuses
condyle rounded process at an articular end
coracoid beaklike or crownlike process
crest ridgelike process
epicondyle projection above a condyle
facet small, smooth-surfaced articular process
hamulus hook-like process
head expanded end of a long bone
horn hornlike process
line linear elevation; not as prominent as a crest
malleolus club-shaped process
protuberance projecting prominence
spine sharp process
styloid long, pointed process
trochanter either of the two large, rounded and elevated processes of the proximal femur
tubercle small, rounded and elevated process
tuberosity large, rounded and elevated process
fissure cleft or deep groove
foramen hole in the bone for blood vessels or nerves
fossa pit, fovea or hollow space
groove shallow linear channel
meatus tube-like passageway
notch indentation in the border of a bone
sinus recess, groove, cavity or hollow space
sulcus furrow or trench
Created by: igl00



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