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MedTerm-Chapter13

TermDefinition
Balan/o glans penis
Orch/o testis or testicle
Perine/o perineum
Prostat/o prostate
Sperm/o sperm (seed)
Vas/o vessel
Scrotum skin-covered pouch in the groin divided into two sacs, each containing a testis and an epididymis
Testis one of the two male reproductive glands, located in the scrotum, that produce sperm and the hormone testosterone; called testicle
Sperm male gamete or sex cell produced in the testes that unites with the oocyte in the female to produce offspring; also called spermatozoon
Epididymis coiled duct on the top and at the side of the testis that stores sperm before emission
Penis erectile tissue (corpus spongiosum and corpora
Glans penis bulging structure at the distal end of the penis (glans = acorn)
Prepuce loosing casing that covers the glans penis; removed by circumcision; foreskin
Vas deferens duct that carries sperm from the epididymis to the ejaculatory duct (vas = vessel; deferens = carrying away); also called ductus deferens
Seminal vesicle one of two sac-like structures behind the bladder and connected to the vas deferens on each side; secretes an alkaline substance into the semen to enable the sperm to live longer
Semen a mixture of the secretions of the testes, seminal vessels, prostate, and bulbourethral glands discharged from the male urethra during orgasm (semen= seed)
Ejaculatory duct duct formed by the union of the (vas) deferens with the duct of the seminal vesicle; its fluid is carried into the urethra
Prostate gland trilobular gland that encircles the urethra just below the bladder and secretes an alkaline fluid into the semen (pro= before; stat= to stand); also called prostate
Bulbourethral glands pair of glands below the prostate, with ducts opening into the urethra, that adds a viscid (sticky) fluid to the semen; also called Cowper's glands
Perineum external region between the scrotum and anus in a male and between the vulva (eternal genitals) and anus in a female
aspermia inability to secrete or ejaculate sperm
azoospermia semen without living spermatozoa; a sign of infertility in a male
oligospermia decreased production and expulsion of sperm
anorchism absence of one or both testes
balanitis inflammation of the glans penis
cryptorchism undescended testicles; failure of the testicles to descend into the scrotal sac during fetal development; the testis most often remains lodged in the abdomen or inguinal canal, requiring surgical repair ( crypt= to hide); also called cryptorchidism
epididymitis inflammation of the epididymis
erectile dysfunction (ED) failure to initiate or maintain an erection until ejaculation because of physical or psychological dysfunction; formerly termed impotence ( im = not; potis = able)
prostrate blood test used to screen for prostate cancer; an elevated level of the antigen indicates the possible presence of tumor
endorectal sonogram of the prostate scan of the prostate made after introducing an ultrasonic tranducer into the rectum; also used to guide needle biopsy; also called transrectal sonogram of the prostate
orchiopexy fixation of an undescended testis in the scrotum
Created by: Cdickinson2
 

 



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