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Mohammed/ Chapter12

glomerul/o means glomerulus.
nephr/o, mean kidney.
ren/o mean kidney.
pyel/o means renal pelvis.
ur/o, mean urine.
urin/o mean urine.
lith/o means stone.
cyst/o, mean bladder.
vesic/o mean bladder.
urethr/o means urethra.
ureter/o means ureter.
meat/o means opening.
balan/o means penis.
epididym/o means epididymis.
orch/o, mean testicle.
orchi/o, mean testicle.
orchid/o, mean testicle.
test/o mean testicle.
prostat/o means prostate.
sperm/o, mean sperm.
spermat/o, mean sperm.
sperm/i mean sperm.
stress urinary incontinence (SUI) – loss of bladder control caused by the application of external pressure
urinary tract infection (UTI) – infection of the urinary tract
vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) – abnormal flow of urine from the bladder back into the ureters
BUN – blood urea nitrogen
UA – urine analysis
Bx – biopsy
IVP – intravenous pyelogram
IVU – intravenous urogram
KUB – kidney, ureters, bladder
RP – retrograde pyelogram
VCUG – voiding cystourethrogram
cath – catheter
ESWL – extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
HD - hemodialysis
I&O – intake and output
OAB – overactive bladder
PKD – polycystic kidney disease
SUI – stress urinary incontinence
UTI – urinary tract infection
VUR – vesicoureteral reflux
BPH – benign prostate hyperplasia
PSA – prostate-specific antigen
TURP – transurethral resection of the prostate
DRE – digital rectal exam
ED – erectile dysfunction
STD/STI – sexually transmitted disease/infection
circucision surgical removal of the foreskin of the penis,
fulguration destruction of living tissues by electric sparks generated by a high- frequency current
why urologists care for the urinary system (male and female patients) and the male reproductive system.? Because the male reproductive system shares many of the structures of the urinary system,
Created by: NuhaMohammed2
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