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Chapter 12 BrittanyS

Medical Terms

glomerul/o means glomerulus.
nephr/o, mean kidney.
ren/o mean kidney.
pyel/o means renal pelvis.
ur/o, . mean urine
urin/o mean urine
lith/o means stone.
cyst/o, mean bladder.
vesic/o mean bladder.
urethr/o means urethra.
ureter/o means ureter
meat/o means opening.
balan/o means penis.
epididym/o means epididymis.
orch/o all mean testicle.
orchi/o all mean testicle.
orchid/o all mean testicle.
test/o all mean testicle.
prostat/o means prostate.
sperm/o mean sperm.
spermat/o mean sperm.
sperm/i mean sperm.
stress urinary incontinence (SUI) loss of bladder control caused by the application of external pressure
urinary tract infection (UTI) infection of the urinary tract
vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) abnormal flow of urine from the bladder back into the ureters
BUN blood urea nitrogen
UA urine analysis
Bx biopsy
IVP intravenous pyelogram
IVU intravenous urogram
KUB kidney, ureters, bladder
RP retrograde pyelogram
VCUG voiding cystourethrogram
cath catheter
ESWL extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
HD hemodialysis
I&O intake and output
OAB overactive bladder
PKD polycystic kidney disease
SUI stress urinary incontinence
UTI urinary tract infection
VUR vesicoureteral reflux
BPH benign prostate hyperplasia
PSA prostate-specific antigen
TURP transurethral resection of the prostate
DRE digital rectal exam
ED erectile dysfunction
STD/STI sexually transmitted disease/infection
Testicles the male gonads; make and store sperm; produce testosterone, which causes the male secondary sex characteristics
Epididymis stores the sperm
Vas deferens carry sperm from the epididymis to the seminiferous tubules
Seminiferous tubules contribute fluid to the sperm to make semen
Prostate gland encircles the urethra; also secretes fluid into the semen
Penis contains the urethra; carries urine and semen to the outside of the body



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