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Chapter 11 BrittanyS

Medical Terms

QuestionAnswer
or/o mean mouth
stomat/o mean mouth
dent/o mean tooth.
odont/o mean tooth.
gingiv/o means gum.
gloss/o, mean tongue.
lingu/o mean tongue.
esophag/o means esophagus.
gastr/o means stomach.
enter/o means intestine.
duoden/o means duodenum.
jejun/o means jejunum.
ile/o means ileum
col/o mean colon.
colon/o mean colon.
sigmoid/o means sigmoid colon
rect/o means rectum.
an/o means anus
proct/o means anus and rectum
sial/o means saliva.
bil/i mean bile.
chol/e mean bile.
abdomin/o mean abdomen
celi/o mean abdomen
lapar/o mean abdomen
cyst/o means bladder
doch/o means duct.
hepat/o, mean liver
hepatic/o mean liver
pancreat/o means pancreas.
peritone/o means peritoneum
BE barium enema
NGT nasogastric tube
BM bowel movement
N&V nausea and vomiting
EGD esophagogastroduodenoscopy
ERCP endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
EUS endoscopic ultrasound
FOBT fecal occult blood test
LFT liver function test
GB gallbladder
GI gastrointestinal
UGI upper gastrointestinal
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
PUD peptic ulcer disease
NGT nasogastric tube
NPO nothing by mouth (nihil per os)
PEG percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
PEJ percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy
LUQ left upper quadrant
RUQ right upper quadrant
LLQ left lower quadrant
RLQ right lower quadrant
Ascites accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity, causing abdominal swelling
fecal occult blood test checks for hidden blood in stool
peritoneum the serous membrane forming the lining of the abdominal cavity or coelom in amniotes and some invertebrates, such as annelids
hernia a bulging of an ogran or tissue through an abnormal opening
accessory organs liver, gallbladder and pancreas. Organd secrete or store substances that are carried to the duodenum of the small intestine as needes for digestion
chyme the pulpy acidic fluid which passes from the stomach to the small intestine, consisting of gastric juices and partly digested food
 

 



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