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Mohammed/Chapter 7

aden/o gland
adenoma tumor of the gland
denopathy disease of the gland
adren/o – adrenal gland (caution about the spelling of aden/o and adren/o)
adrenarche onset of adrenal secretion (at puberty)
adrenalitis – inflammation of the adrenal gland
corticotropic – cortex stimulating
gonad/o – gonads (ovaries in females, testes in males)
gonadopathy – ” disease of the gonads
pancreat/o – pancreas
pituitar/o, pituitary gland
hypophsy/o – pituitary gland
thym/o means thymus gland
thyr/o, means thyroid.
thyroid/o means thyroid.
gluc/o, means sugar.
glucos/o, means sugar.
glyc/o means sugar.
crin/o means to secrete.
hormon/o means hormone.
ket/o k means ketone body.
tropin means stimulating hormone.
-emia - means blood.
-uria means urine -means urine
ACTH – adrenocorticotropic hormone
GH – growth hormone
TSH – thyroid stimulating hormone
T3 – triiodothyronine (thyroid hormone affecting metabolic rate)
T4 – thyroxine (thyroid hormone affecting metabolic rate)
BS – blood sugar
CGM – continuous glucose monitor
FBS – fasting blood sugar
GTT glucose tolerance test
HgA1C – hemoglobin A1C test (gives a history of blood sugar levels)
TFT – thyroid function test
ERCP – ERCP – endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
DI – diabetes insipidus
DM – diabetes melllitus
IDDM – insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (type 1)
NIDDM – noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (type 2)
CSII – continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (used in conjunction with CGM)
HRT – hormone replacement therapy
glycemic index a measure of the effect of foods on blood-sugar levels.
Created by: NuhaMohammed2
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