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Chapter 4 Brittany S

Medical Terms

QuestionAnswer
Epiphysis ends of bones
Diaphysis middle of bone; also called shaft
Metaphysis neck; connects the diaphysis with the epiphysis
Axial center
Appendicular arms and legs
oste/o means bones
crani/o means head, skull
cervic/o means neck.
spondyl/o . means vertebra
lumb/o means loin, lower back
brachi/o means arm
dactyl/o means finger.
carp/o means wrist
cost/o means rib.
femor/o means femur
tibi/o . means tibia (shinbone)
tars/o means ankle
chondr/o means cartilage.
arthr/o means joint.
burs/o means bursa
ten/o, tend/o, and tendin/o means tendon
muscul/o, my/o, and myos/o means muscle
fasci/o means fascia (fibrous connective tissue binding muscles together).
kinesi/o is the root word for movement
ton/o is the root word for tone or pressure.
tax/o is the root word for arrangement, order, and/or coordination.
paresis is a suffix that means partial paralysis
plegia is a suffix that means complete paralysis
ton/o means tone, tension.
kinesi/o means movement
tax/o means order, arrangement, coordination.
genu varum bow-legged
genu valgrum knock-kneed
scoliosis lateral curvature of the spine
lordosis abnormal forward curvature of the lower spine
kyphosisi abnormal forward curvature of the upper spine
Transverse broken bone where the break is at a right angle to the long plane of the bone
Oblique fracture that occurs at a plane oblique to the long axis of the bone
Spiral also known as as torsion fracture, complete fracture
Angulated displacement where the normal axis of the bone has been altered
Displaced the bone snaps into two or more parts and moves so that the two ends are not lined up straight
Displaced & angulated abnormal position- angulation, rotation, change of bone length and loss of alignment
closed reduction returning bones to proper position without surgery
open reduction returning bones to proper position with surgery
external fixation fixation (keeping still) of a bone from the outside of the body (cast, splint)
internal fixation fixation (keeping still) of a bone from the inside of the body (plates, screws)
orthotics straighten or help to strengthen or stabilize a part of the body
prosthesis replaces a missing part
ACL anterior cruciate ligament
PCL posterior cruciate ligament
MCL median collateral ligament
LCL lateral collateral ligament
EMG electromyogram
CTS carpal tunnel syndrome
MD muscular dystrophy
OA osteoarthritis
RA rheumatoid arthritis
FROM full range of motion
ROM range of motion
NSAID nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
ORIF open reduction internal fixation
PT physical therapy
RICE rest, ice, compression, elevation
THR total hip replacement
TKR total knee replacement
WB weight bearing
WBAT weight bearing as tolerated
Fx fracture
Subluxation partial dislocation
rheumatoid arthritis inflammation of one or more joints
septic arthritis painful infection in a joint
crepitus a grating sound or sensation produced by friction between bone and cartilage or the fractured parts of the bone
effusion an escape of fluid into the body cavity
 

 



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