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Medical Terminology

Medical Terminology Combining Forms Mixed

TermDefinition
caud/o lower part of body, tail
angi/o blood vessel
arteri/o artery
arthr/o joint
blephar/o eyelid
bronch/o bronchus (air passages of the lungs)
cardi/o heart
cephal/o head
cyan/o blue
cyst/o, vesic/o bladder
dermat/o, derm/o, cutane/o skin
encephal/o brain
enter/o small intestine
erythr/o red
gastr/o stomach
gingiv/o gums
gloss/o, lingu/o tongue
hemat/o blood
hepat/o liver
hyster/o uterus
lapar/o abdomen, abdominal wall
laryng/o larynx (voice box)
leuk/o white
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
ather/o plaque, fatty substance
myel/o spinal cord, bone marrow
my/o, myos/o, muscul/o muscle
oste/o bone
neur/o nerve
melan/o black
poli/o gray
ot/o ear
rhin/o nose
pyel/o renal pelvis
py/o pus
pyr/o fever, fire
aden/o gland
adip/o fatty tissue, fat
anter/o before, in front
cephal/o, cephalad head, toward the head
cyt/o, -cyte (root, suffix) cell
hist/o tissue
path/o, pathy-, -pathia disease or abnormal condition of
plas/i, plas/o, -plasia development, growth, formation
poster/o behind, toward the back
home/o same, constant, unchanging
chondr/i, chondr/o cartilage
abdomin/o, celi/o, lapar/o abdomen, abdominal cavity
embry/o fertilized ovum, embryo
stomat/o, or/o mouth, oral cavity
myc/o fungus
idi/o unknown, peculiar
oss/e, oss/i, oste/o, ost/o bone
ligament/o, syndesm/o ligament
synovi/o, synov/o synovial membrane, synovial fluid
burs/o bursa
ankyl/o crooked, bent, stiff
cost/o rib
crani/o skull
kyph/o bent, hump
lord/o curve, swayback, bent
scoli/o curved, bent
spondyl/o vertebra
ligament/o ligament, binds bone to bone
vascul/o, vas/o blood vessel
por/o small opening
fasci/o fascia, fibrous band
fibr/o fiber, fibrous tissue
kines/o, kinesi/o movement
tax/o coordination, order
ton/o tension, tone, stretching
duct/o to lead, carry
tens/o to stretch out
stern/o sternum, breastbone
cleid/o clavicle, collar bone
carp/o wrist or wrist bones
rhabdomy/o striated muscle
sarc/o flesh
clon/o violent action
condyl/o condyle; knuckle-like knob; any rounded bone protuberance [which articulates with another bone]
quadr/i, quadr/o four
electr/o electricity
aort/o aorta
coron/o heart
thromb/o clot
ven/o vein
vir/o poison, virus
blast/o immature, embryonic
aneurysm/o aneurysm; dilation of the wall of the heart, artery, or vein
appendic/o, append/o appendix
physi/o nature, physical
ventr/o front, belly side of body
dors/o back, back of body
pelv/o pelvis
lumb/o lower back
ili/o hip bone; ilium
periton/o peritoneum
gene/o- producing
carcin/o cancer
path/o disease, suffering, feeling, emotion
dem/i population
tonsill/o tonsils
nat/o birth
lith/o stone
mening/o, meningi/o meninges [membranes covering brain and spinal cord]
tendin/o, tend/o, ten/o tendon
flex bend
isch to hold back
systole contraction
plast growth or formation
chrom/o, chromat/o color
pleb/o vein
lymph/o lymph, fluid
lymphangi/o lymphatic vessels and ducts
lymphaden/o lymph node
adenoid/o adenoids, lymphoid structure
splen/o spleen
lymphocyt/o lymphocytes, Specialized leukocytes that play important roles in the immune reactions
thym/o thymus gland
immun/o immune, protection, safe
ne/o, neo- new, strange
onc/o tumor
phag/o eat, swallow
tox/o poison
cervic/o neck
axill/o armpit
inguin/o groin
phot/o light
Bacilli Rod-shaped bacteria [singular, bacillus]
staphyl/o grapelike clusters
strept/o twisted chains
bacteri/o bacteria
fung/o fungus, mushroom
plast/o growth, formation
ne/o new
tom/o cut; slice; layer
cholecyst/o gallbladder
cirrh/o orange-yellow
duoden/o duodenum [first part of small intestine]
esophag/o esophagus
entr/o small intestine
col/o, colon/o colon, large intestine
ile/o ileum [intestine]
pept/o digestion
proct/o anus and rectum
rect/o rectum, straight
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
pancreat/o pancreas
an/o anus, ring
chol/e, chol/o bile, gall
or/o, stomat/o, stom/o mouth, mouthlike opening, oral cavity
intestin/o intestine
odonti, odont/o, dent/i, dent/o teeth
metabol/o change; transformation
orth/o straight
cheil/o lip/lips
xer/o dry
halit/o breath
hiat/o opening
aer/o air
hydra/o water
diverticul/o diverticulum, small sac or pouch
intussuscept/o take up or receive within
steat/o fat
cholang/o, cholangi/o bile duct
emet/o vomit, to vomit
palat/o palate, roof of mouth
choledoch/o common bile duct
hemorrhoid/o hemorrhoid
nephr/o, ren/o kidney
ureter/o ureter [tube from kidney to bladder]
urethr/o urethra [tube leading from the bladder to the outside of the body]
prostat/o prostate
glomerul/o glomerulus, glomeruli [a cluster of capillaries]
vagin/o vagina
hydr/o water
noct/o night
meat/o meatus
bacteri/o, bacter/i bacteria
glycos/o sugar, glucose
protein/o protein
acoust/o, acous/o sound or hearing, ears
audi/o, audit/o, aur/i, aur/o ear, hearing, the sense of hearing
conjunctiv/o conjunctiva
corne/o cornea
dipl/o double
ir/i, ir/o, irid/o, irit/o iris
labyrinth/o labyrinth [inner ear]
myring/o, tympan/o tympanic membrane [eardrum], middle ear
ocul/o eye
opt/i, opt/o, optic/o, ophthalm/o eye, vision
phac/o, phak/o, lens/o lens
retin/o retina
dacryocyst/o, lacrim/o lacrimal apparatus, tear apparatus
pinn/i outer ear
kerat/o horny tissue; hard; cornea
presby/o old age
scler/o sclera, white of eye, hard
trop/o turn, change
canth/o corner of the eye
tars edge of the eyelid
emmetr/o in proper measure
orbit/o eye socket, eyeball, bony socket
dacry/o tear
uve/o uvea; vascular layer of the eye
anis/o unequal
cor/o pupil
mydrias/o dilation of the pupil
macul/o spot
mon/o one, single
chromat/o color
nyctal/o night
ametr/o out of proportion
ambly/o dim, dull
nucle/o nucleus
vitr/o vitreous body [of the eye]
cholesteat/o cholesterol
mastoid/o mastoid process
bar/o pressure
staped/o stapes [third bone of the middle ear]
vestibul/o vestibule [entrance]
fenestr/a window
albin/o white
hidr/o sweat
onych/o, ungu/o fingernail or toenail
pil/o, pil/i, trich/o hair
seb/o sebum [oil]
adren/o adrenal gland
crin/o to secrete
gluc/o, glyc/o, glucos/o, glycos/o sugar, glucose
gonad/o sex glands
pituitar/o, pituit/o, hypophys/o pituitary gland
somat/o body
hirsut/o hairy, rough
urtic/o rash, hives
lun/o moon
phor/o Movement; carry; bear
follicul/o follicle, small sac
alopec baldness
koil/o hollow or concave
purpur/o, porphyr/o purple
contus/o, contus bruise
ecchym/o pouring out of juice or blood
prurit/o, psor/I, psor/o itching
erythem/o, erythemat/o, erythr/o red, flushed
ichthy/o, xer/o dry, scaly
lip/o, adip/o fat, lipid
granul/o granules
kel/o growth, tumor
pedicul/o lice
papill/o, thel/e nipple
cry/o cold
rhytid/o wrinkle
testic/, orchid/o, orchi/o testis
ovari/o, oophor/o ovary
parathyroid/o parathyroid glands
pineal/o, pineal pineal gland
thyr/o, thyroid/o, thyroaden/o thyroid gland
acr/o extremities
cortic/o cortex
trop/o turn, change
lact/o, lactin milk
endocrin/o secrete within
calc/o calcium
insulin/o insulin
phe/o dusky
gynec/o, gyn/o woman, female
balan/o glans penis
cervic/o, trachel/o cervix, neck
colp/o, vagin/o vagina
crypt/o hidden
hyster/o, metr/o, metri/o, uter/o, uterine uterus
men/o, menstru/o menses, menstruation
oophor/o, ovari/o ovaries
orchi/o, orch/o, orchid/o, test/o, testicul/o, test/i testicle
pen/i, phall/i penis
spermat/o, sperm/i, sperm/o spermatozoa, sperm cells
salping/o fallopian tube
vas/o vas deferens, blood vessel
placent/o placenta
ov/o egg, ovum
varic/o varicose veins
andr/o male
epididym/o epididymis [duct atop testes that stores sperm and carries it to the vas deferens]
lact/o, galact/o milk
fet/o fetus, unborn child
loch/o childbirth
vulv/o, episi/o vulva
amnio/o, amnion/o amnion, [innermost layer of the fetal membrane] amniotic fluid
pelvi/o pelvis
myom/o muscle tumor
Created by: ainnes
 

 



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