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Skeletal System

102.5

TermDefinition
Carpals It's more bones held together by ligaments to form the wrist or carpus
Cervical Vertebrae 7 bones that form the Top part of the spinal column involved in extended scalp massage
Clavicle Carbon forms the area from the throat to the shoulder on the right and left side
Cranium Consists of 8 bones that form the Top sides and back of the head encloses and protects the brain and primary sensory organs
Ethmoid The spongy bone between the eyes that forms part of the nasal cavity
Femur Thigh bone; longest bone in the body
Fibula Outer and narrower of the 2 lower leg bones extending from the knee to the ankle
Flat Bones Play shaped and located in the skull scapula and sternum
Frontal Extends from the Top of the eyes to the Top of the head to form the forehead
Humerus Largest bone of the upper arm extends from the elbow to the shoulder
Irregular Bones Found in the wrist ankle or spinal column (the back )
Lacrimal Smallest 2 bones of the facial skeleton form the front part of the inner bottom wall of the eye socket
Long Bones Found in the arms and legs
Mandible Lower jaw and the largest bone of the facial skeleton
Maxillae 2 bones of the upper jaw
Metacarpals 5 long thin bones that form the Palm of the hand
Metatarsals 5 long slender bones one for each digit that connects the phalanges to the tarsals
Nasal 2 bones which joined form the bridge of the nose
Occipital Bone Forms the back of the skull indenting above the nape area
Osteology The study of bones
Palatine Hyoid Are the 2 bones that form the roof of the mouth and the floor of the eye sockets
Parietal Bone 2 bones that form the Crown in the upper sides of the head
Patella Kneecap sits over the front of the knee joint
Phalanges 14 bones that form the digits. each finger has 3 phalanges while the thumb has only 2 . 2 phalanges in the big toe and 3 in the four other toes
Radius Small bone on the thumb side of the lower arm or forearm
Ribs 12 pairs of curved bones which form the ribcage of the upper body
Scapula Shoulder blade large flat bone extending upward from the middle of the back on the right and left side to the joint where it attaches to the clavicle
Skull skeleton of the head and closes protects the brain an primary Sensory organs
Sphenoid Located behind the eyes and nose and connects all the bones of the cranium
Sternum Breastbone long narrow flat plate that forms the center of the front of the chest
Talus Ankle bone sits above the heel bone and forms the lower part of the ankle; talus, tibia and fibula form the ankle joint
Tarsals 7 bones that make up the midfoot and rearfoot including talus Calcaneus (heel), navicular, 3 cuneiform bones and the cuboid
Temporal Bone 2 bones located on either side of the head directly above the ears and below the parietal bones
Thoracic vertebrae 12 vertebrae in the chest region that formed the central region of the spine
Thorax The Bony cage composed of the spine vertebrae sternum and the ribs also known as the chest
Tibia Shinbone inner and larger of the 2 lower leg bones extending from the knee to the ankle
Turbinal Are the 2 spongy bones that form the sides of the nasal cavity
Ulna Small bone on the little finger side of the lower arm
Vomer (nasal system) is the bone in the center of the nose that divides the nasal cavity
Zygomatic bone (malar) 2 bones that form the upper cheek in the bottom of the eye socket
 

 



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