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Building Blocks

102.4

TermDefinition
Anabolism The process of building up larger molecules from smaller one during metabolism
Anatomy The study of the organs and systems of the body
Brain Organ that controls all three subsystems of the nervous system; referred to as the command center; weighs between 44 and 48 ounces
Catabolism The process o breaking down larger molecules or substances into smaller ones during metabolism
Cell Membrane The outer surface of the cell, which encloses the protoplasm
Cells The basic units of living matter ( life)
Circulatory System aka Vascular System- Controls the circulation of blood and lymph through the body.
Connective Tissue Support protects and holds the body together
Cytoplasm the production department of the cell where most of the cells activities take place
Digestive System Breaks food down into simpler chemical compounds that can be easily absorbed by cells or if not absorbed eliminated from the body in waste products
Endocrine System carefully balanced mechanism that directly affects hair growth skin conditions and energy levels
Epithelial Tissue Covers and protects body surfaces and internal organs
Excretory System eliminates solid liquid and gaseous waste products from the body
Gross Anatomy Do you study of the structures of the body that can be seen with the naked eye
Heart A cone shaped muscular organ located in the chest cavity normally about the size of a closed fist
Histology The study of the structures of the body too small to be seen except through a microscope; also called microscopic anatomy
Integumentary System The skin and its layers
Kidney eliminates water and waste products
Liquid Tissue Carries food waste products and hormones
Liver removes the toxic byproducts of digestion
Lung supply blood with oxygen
Metabolism The chemical process in which cells receive nutrients food for cell growth and reproduction
Mitosis A process of cell division when a cell divides into 2 identical new cells
Muscular System Supports the skeleton produces body movements contours the body involved in the functions of other body system
Muscular Tissue Contracts when stimulated to produce motion
Nerve Tissue Carries messages to and from the brain and coordinates body functions
Nervous System coordinates and controls the overall operation of the human body
Nucleus The Control Center of cell activity is the dense core of an Atom that contains protons and sometimes neutrons
Organ separate body structures that perform specific functions composed of two or more different tissues
Physiology The study of the functions that bodily organs and systems perform
Protoplasm gel like substance found in cells containing water salt and nutrients obtained from food
Reproductive System Responsible for the process by which a living Organism procreates
Respiratory System Responsible for the intake of oxygen and the exhalation of carbon dioxide
Skeletal System The physical foundation of the body composed of 206 bones of different shapes and sizes each attached to others at movable or immovable joints
Skin body’s largest organ, which forms the external protective layer of the body
System Open body structures and or organs that together perform one or more vital functions for the body
Tissue Groups of cells of the same kind performing a specific function in the body
 

 



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