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Chapter 5-Digestive

The Digestive System- Chapter 5

QuestionAnswer
An accumulation of fluid in the abdomen is called ___________________. ascites
____________________ is defined as difficulty swallowing. dysphagia
The passage of fresh, bright red blood from the rectum is called _____________________. hematochezia
Black, tarry stools are referred to as ___________________. melena
_______________ is defined as the failure of the LES muscle to relax. achalasia
When solids and fluids return to the mouth from the stomach it is called ____________________________. gastroesophageal reflux disease
The protrusion of an organ or part of an organ through the muscle that normally contains it is called a _________________. hernia
An open sore or lesion of the mucoous membrane of the stomach is called a ______________________. peptic ulcer
When abnormal side pockets form in the intestinal wall it is called ______________________. diverticulosis
______________________ is the chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract. Crohn's disease
_________________ are swollen, twisted, varicose veins in the rectal region. hemorrhoids
Telescoping of the intestines is called ______________________. intussusception
_____________________ is the chronic inflammation of the colon with the presence of ulcers. ulcerative colitis
The chronic degenerative disease of the liver is called _________________. cirrhosis
Inflammation of the liver caused by a virus is called _____________________. viral hepatitis
A ______________________ is an x-ray image of the colon and rectum that is obtained after the injection of barium into the rectum. lower GI series or barium enema
A __________________ is the x-ray examination of the biliary system performed after the injection of contrast into the bile ducts via catheter. ERCP endoscopic retrograde pancreatography
The visual examination of the GI tract in which the esophagus, stomach, duodenum and the upper part of the jejunum is seen is called ______________________. esophagogastroduodenoscopy. EGD
The insertion of a tube through the nose and inot the stomach is called ________________________ nasogastric intubation
The surgical puncture to remove ascites is called ________________________ paracentesis, abdominocentesis
BE BARIUM ENEMA
EGD ESOPHAGOGASTRODUODENOSCOPY
ERCP ENDOSCOPIC RETROGRADE PANCRREATOGRAPHY
GERD GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE
IBD INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE
PUD PEPTIC ULCER DISEASE
Created by: leanneweit
 

 



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