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theory 1-3

clinical theory 1-3

how many muscles are in the human body 600
how do muscular activity increase body heat heat is released when the energy is used
functions of muscles 6 total
function 1 of muscles heat
function 2 of muscles ability to move
function 3 of muscles structure of the body & hold the body up
function 4 of muscles protect blood vessels and nerves
function 5 of muscles protective padding for delicate organs
function 6 of muscles giving shape to the body
how many types of muscles 3 types
first type of muscle skeletal
second type of muscle smooth
third type of muscle cardiac muscle
when muscles contract what happens they become shorter and thicker
what is a skeletal muscle that bends a joint flexor
what is the action of straightening the joint muscle extensor muscle
the flexor and extensor are know as a muscle team
muscles can only pull not push true
muscles that contract extremities away from the midline of the body abduction muscles
muscles that contract towards the boday are called adduction muscles
most skeletal muscles are partially contracted for what reason to keep the body erect position
the constant state of contractions is known as muscle tone
some connective tissue sheath extend to form a strong fibrous structure know as a tendon
tendons connect to rough surfaces of a bone
what is the thickest and strongest tendon in the body the achilles tendon
another form of muscular attachment is by fascia
a tough membrane that forms sheaths covers and protects the muscle tissue fascia
when skeletal muscles join bone that meet at joints that is called origin
the bone to be moved becomes the insertion
to reduce friction and protect the muscles from each other they are seperated by groups of sheaths
a sheath which is shaped like a sac and has slippery fluid is known as a bursa
the most common locations for bursae are in the elbow, knee, and shoulder
smooth muscles are found throughout the internal organs and body which are controlled automatically by signals from the autonomic nervous system
donut shaped muscles structures that have the ability to remain contracted for long periods of time sphincter
painful inflammation of the tendon and tendon muscle attachments to bone tendonitis
inflammation of the bursa that cover and lubricates the muscles and tendons bursitis
inflammation of the forearm tendon at the attachment on the humerus at the elbow epicondylitis (tennis elbow)
a group of congenital disorders resulting in progressive wasting away of skeletal muscles muscular dystrophy
a neck deformity caused by sortening or spasm of the neck muscle toticollis
modalities and techniques how many types 7 total/heat/cold/electricity/water/light/mechanical maneuvers/exercise
what are some of the purposes of the physical therapy relieve pain/increase circulation/restore and improve muscular function/build strength/increase range of motion
common rule for croytherapy cold for the first 24 hrs then heat
Created by: nyrican
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