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Jennifer Walos

Jennifer Walos Ch. 1-5

The body can be subdivided into 2 major divisions. Axial and appendicular
Anatomy is the study of structure of an organism and the relationships of its parts.
Physiology is the study of functions of the living organism and its parts.
Characteristics of human life Responsiveness conductivity growth respiration digestion absorption secretion excretion circulation reproduction
Mitochondria Powerhouses of cells that provide energy needed by the cell to carry on day to day functioning, growth & repair. Organelle.
Golgi Apparatus Set of sacs that provide packaging service to the cell by storing material for future internal or export of the cell. Organelle
Endoplasmic reticulum Network of channels within the cell that acts as a highway for movement of chemicals, assist in chemical processing. Organelle
Superior and Inferior Towards head..... towards feet
Anterior and Posterior Towards the front....towards the back
Medical and Lateral Towards the midline.....away from the midline
Proximal and Distal Nearest to the truck of the body.... farthest from the truck of the body
Superficial and Deep nearer the surface... Further from the body surface
Coronal Plane AKA Frontal plane
Normal reading or range of normal Set point or setpoint range
Several tissues working together are termed Organ
Smallest to largest the levels of organization of the body are Chemical, organelle, cellular, tissue, organ, system, organism
Molecules are atoms combined to form larger chemical aggregates
Hydrolysis breaks down compounds by adding a water molecule
Electrolytes are called cations if they have a positive charge
The hydrogen isotope tritium consists of One proton and two neutorns
Ribosomes are organelles that Float in the cytoplasm and attach to the endoplasmic reticulmn
Cell fibers from largest to smallest Microtubules, intermediate filaments, microfilaments
Compact bone contains many cylinder-shaped structural units called Osteons
If one side of a DNA molecule is CTAGGCTG the other side would be GATCCGAC
DNA base pairs Adenine-Thymine Cytosine-Guanine
Created by: JenWalos