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The Judicial System

Supreme Court Highest court in the state or country. No one can change their ruling except themselves.
Judge person who controls the court
jury local citizens who decide if someone is guilty or innocent.
Prosecutor person who tries to get the jury to believe a person is guilty
Defense person who tries to get the jury to believe a person is innocent.
appeal ask to be have another trial at a higher court
due process a persons rights to a fair and quick trial
search warrant A court order authorizing a search
probable cause reasonable cause for issuing a search warrant or making an arrest; more than mere suspicion
criminal case began by state or government that wants someone put in jail or fined.
civil case began by private person or company that wants money
plaintiff A person or party filing a lawsuit
double jeopardy ...prohibits someone from being tried for the same crime twice
writ of cretiorari request for Supreme Court to review a case
appellate jurisdiction Authority of court to review a decision of a lower court or administrative agency.
Bail Money that a defendant gives the court as a kind of promise that he or she will return for the trial
concurrent jurisdiction Authority for both state and federal courts to hear and decide cases
dissenting opinion A signed opinion in which one or more justices disagree with the majority view
ex post facto law A law that makes illegal an act that was legal when committed.
grand jury A group of citizens that decides whether there is sufficient evidence to accuse someone of a crime.
Miranda Rule The constitutional rights which police must read to a suspect before questioning can occur
Created by: CoachRangel