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Chapter Eleven p155

Religious Origins and Distributions

QuestionAnswer
animism the belief that inanimate objects possess souls and can help as well as hinder human efforts on Earth.
Buddhism stemmed from Hinduism-Buddah was the first Indian leader to speak against Hinduism. Salvation can be attained by anyone no matter what the caste.
Chinese Religions Confucianism, Taoism, Chinese Buddhism
Christianity Contains Roman Catholic (largest) and Protestant churches
Confucianism A philosophy of ethic, education, and public service basedon the writing of Confucius and traditionally thouight of as one of the core elements of Chinese culture
Ethic Religion A religion that is particular to one, culturally distinct, group of people. They do not actively seek converts. examle-Judiasm
Hinduism Not centrally organized, no branches, no holy book, world's oldest organized religion,ethic religion and concentrated in India
Islam fastest growning major religion-youngest of the major religions-arose out of the teachings of Muhammad-the truth comes from Allah-Koran is the holy book.
Judaism One of the most influential religions. Three branches-Orthodoz, conservative,and Reform. Came from a nomadic Semitic tribe and the teachings of Abraham.
Monotheistic religion belief system in whichone supreme being is revered as creator and arbiter of all that exists in the universe.
Nation of Islam movement born in the 1930's that reflected the desire of American blacks to be fred from the white oppression. They believed themselves to be members of the lost Islamic tribe-Black Muslims.
polytheistic religion belief system in which multiple deities are revered as creators and arbiters of all that exists in the universe
secularism indifference to or rejections of organized religious affiliations and ideas in the modern world
Shamanism community of faith in which people follow their shaman, a religious leader, teacher, healer, teacher and visionary.
Shintoism related to Buddhism-focus on nature and ancestor worship once was the state religion of Japan.
Sikhism a "fusion" religion-has elements of Hinduism and Islam
syncretic religion elements from different cultural sources are combined in distinctive ways . example Norse elements in Christianity.
Taoism A Chinese religion in which human happiness is maintaining the proper relationship with natrue
traditional religion a religion that is an intimate part of a local culture and society. Usually not changed and had continued to be the same throughout history.
universalizing religion A belief system that espouses the idea thaqt there is one true religion. Those people believing their religion is universal spend a lot of time spreading their "word".
Zoroastianism this monotheistic religion develped about the first millennium BC in SW asia.
Created by: whshg
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