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VA SOL CE6

3 Branches of Government / Checks and Balances & Powers

QuestionAnswer
Who is the Chief Executive Officer of the United States? President
Which branch executes the law of the land? Executive Branch of the National Government
Prepares annual budget for congressional action Executive Branch of the National Government
Appoints Cabinet officers Executive Branch of the National Government
Appoints ambassadors Executive Branch of the National Government
Appoints federal judges Executive Branch of the National Government
Administers federal bureaucracy Executive Branch of the National Government
Which branch consists of the courts? Judicial Branch of the National Government
Highest court in the land Supreme Court
What kind of cases are tried in federal courts? CASES INVOLVING FEDERAL LAW AND CASES INVOLVING INTERPRETATION OF THE CONSTITUTION
THE POWER OF COURTS TO REVIEW THE ACTIONS OF THE EXECUTIVE AND LEGISLATIVE BRANCHES IS CALLED JUDICIAL REVIEW judicial review
Which court exercises judicial review? Supreme Court
Where in the Constitution are the powers of the three branches of government defined? ARTICLES I, II, AND III
A system of _____ and _____ gives each of the three branches of government ways to limit the powers of the other branches. CHECKS AND BALANCES
How does Congress check the powers of the President? (2 ways) 1. OVERRIDE PRESIDENTIAL VETOES 2. Impeach and CONVICT A PRESIDENT 3. Approve the budget 4. approve presidential appointments
How does Congress check the courts? (2 ways) 1. CONFIRM OR REJECT JUDGES/JUSTICES IMPEACH 2. CONVICT JUDGES/ JUSTICES
Separation of powers and a system of checks and balances are meant to -- PREVENT ABUSE OF POWER BY ANY ONE BRANCH
The Presidential checks on Congress -- (4 ways) PROPOSES LEGISLATION PREPARES ANNUAL BUDGET FOR CONGRESS TO APPROVE Calls A SPECIAL SESSION OF CONGRESS VETOES LEGISLATION CONGRESS HAS PASSED
President checks courts by -- (2) 1 Appoints JUDGES/JUSTICES 2 grants pardons and reprieves.
Courts check Congress by -- DECLARING ACTS OF CONGRESS UNCONSTITUTIONAL
Courts check President by DECLARING EXECUTIVE ACTIONS UNCONSTITUTIONAL
Which branch of the national government has the power to pass laws? Legislative Branch of the National Government
Legislative powers are both ____ and ____ . Expressed and Implied
Legislative powers that are specifically listed in the Constitutions are _____ powers. EXPRESSES
Legislative powers that are not specifically listed but are used to carry out expressed powers are ______ powers. IMPLIED
What are the steps in the lawmaking process in the Congress? (7 steps) 1. INTRODUCING a bill in either house 2. WORKING in committees 3. DEBATING the bill on the floor 4. VOTING on the bill 5. SENDING the bill to the other house 6. REPEATING the process in the other house 7. SENDING the bill to the president
Why do elected officials write laws? IN RESPONSE TO PROBLEMS OR ISSUES
Who else helps shape legislation? INDIVIDUALS AND INTEREST GROUPS
The formal powers of Congress are limited by -- THE CONSTITUTION
How does the executive branch influence policymaking? (4 ways) 1Deliver annual speech - Congress (State of the Union Address) 2Propose Legislation 3Approving or vetoing legislation 4Appoint officials - help carry out laws 5Issue executive acts/orders 6Appeal directly through the media & communications w/citizens
The President exercises power as _____ when he is the ceremonial head of the government chief of state
The President exercises power as _____ when he is the head of the executive branch of government chief executive
The President exercises power as _____ when he is the proposer of the legislative agenda chief legislator
The President exercises power as _____ when he is the head of the nation’s armed forces commander-in-chief
The President exercises power as _____ when he is the American foreign policy leader chief diplomat
The President exercises power as _____ when he is the leader of the political party that controls the executive branch chief of party
The President exercises power as _____ when he is the representative of all of the people chief citizen
Which branch plays a key role in the policymaking process. Executive Branch of the National Government
_________ power has grown in the years since the Constitution was ratified, but there are _________ on what the ___________ can and cannot do. Presidential, limited, president
Not including the president what three groups execute law? Cabinet departments, agencies, and regulatory groups execute the laws.
The lawmaking process requires (2) collaboration and compromise
The formal powers of Congress are limited. This is also called what? denied powers
Article I is which branch of government? Legislative Branch of the National Government
Article II is which branch of government? Executive Branch of the National Government
Article III is which branch of government? Judicial Branch of the National Government
Each of the three branches of the national government limits the exercise of power by the other two branches. Checks and balances
The powers of the national government are separated among the three branches of the government to limit any one branch from abusing its power. Separation of Powers
Created by: Mrs. Estes