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Medical terminology

The Muscoloskeletal System

TermDefinition
costalgia rib pain
adduction joint narrows to bring part back toward the body
abduction widening of a joint to move apart from the body
extension when a joint straightens
flexion when a joint bends
ostealgia bone pain
osteodynia bone pain
spondylodynia vertebra pain
tibialgia tibia pain
arthralgia joint pain
arthrodynia joint pain
cervicodynia neck pain
bradykinesia slow movement
dyskinesia bad movement
dystaxia bad coordination
dystonia bad muscle tone
hyperkinesia over movement
hypotonia under muscle tone
myalgia muscle pain
myasthenia muscle weakness
tenalgia tendon pain
arthrocentesis joint puncture
arthrogram joint record
arthroscope instrument for looking into a joint
arthroscopy procedure for looking into a joint
computed axial tomography TMA imaging procedure using a computer to produce cross sections along an axis
kiphosis bent condition, abnormal forward curvature of the upper spine
lordosis bent backward, abnormal forward curvature of the lower spine
scoliosis crooked condition, abnormal lateral curvature of the spine
fracture a bone break
osteodystrophy poor bone development
spondylitis vertebra inflammation
spondylomalacia softening of the vertebra
tarsoptosis flat feet
atrophy underdevelopment, decrease or loss of muscle tissue
hypertrophy overdevelopment of muscle tissue
myolysis loss of muscle tissue
osteitis bone inflammation
osteochondritis inflammation of bone and cartilage
osteochondroma a tumor made up of bone and cartilage
osteomalacia softening of the bone
osteomyelitis inflammation of the bone and bone marrow
osteopenia reduction in bone volume
osteoporosis loss of bone density
spondylolisthesis slipping of a vertebra
spondylosis vertebra condition
arthritis joint inflammation
arthropathy joint disease
bursitis inflammation of the bursa
osteoarthritis inflammation of the joint, specifically those that bear weight
rheumatoid arthritis inflammation of the joint; rheumatoid because its symptoms resemble those of rheumatic fever
chondroma tumor-like growth of cartilage tissue
costochondritis inflammation of the cartilage of the rib
muscolar dystrophy disorder characterized by poor muscle development
myoma muscle tumor
myopathy muscle disease
myosarcoma cancerous muscle tumor
myositis muscle inflammation
tendinitis, tendonitis tendon inflammation
analgesic a drug that relieve pain
antiarthritic a drug that opposes joint inflammation
anti-inflammatory a drug that opposes inflammation
Created by: lalla
 

 



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