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Kacey Munsell

Weeks 1-5

TermDefinition
Anatomy Study of the structure of an organism and the relationships of its parts
Physiology Functions of the living organism and its parts
Developmental anatomy The study of human growth and development
Pathological anatomy The study of diseased body structures
Responsiveness Ability of an organism to sense, monitor, and respond to changes in both its external and internal environments
Conductivity Capacity of living cells to transmit a wave of electrical disturbance from one point to another within the body
Growth Organized increase in the size and number of cells and therefore an increase in size of the individual or a particular organ or part
Respiration Exchange of respiratory gases (oxygen and carbon dioxide) between an organism and its environment
Digestion Process by which complex food products are broken down into simpler substances that can be absorbed and used by individual body cells
Absorption Movement of molecules, such as respiratory gases or digested nutrients, through a membrane and into the body fluids for transport to cells for use
Secretion Production and release of important substances, such as digestive juices and hormones, for diverse body functions
Excretion Removal of waste products from the body
Circulation Movement of body fluids containing many substances from one body area to another in a continuous, circular route through hollow vessels
Reproduction Formation of new individual offspring
Anterior and Posterior Front and Back
Medial and Lateral Towards midline, and away from midline
Proximal and Distal Towards trunk, and away from trunk
Superficial and Deep Towards surface, and away from surface
Superior and Inferior Towards the head, and away from head Above and below
Collagen Strong, flexible structural protein fiber that forms ropelike bundles
Elastin Flexible, elastic structural protein fiber
Vitiligo Loss of pigment in certain areas of the skin. The patches of depigmented white skin that characterize this condition contain melanocytes, but for unknown reasons they no longer produce pigment
Cleavage lines Patterns in the skin; If surgical incisions are made parallel to the cleavage lines, or Langer lines, the resulting wound will have less tendency to gape open and will tend to heal with a thin and less noticeable scar
Diaphysis Shaft of bone
Epiphyses Ends of bones
Parallel muscles Long straplike muscles with parallel fascicles
Convergent muscles Fascicles that radiate out from a small to a wider point of attachment
Pennate muscles Fascicle attachments that in some ways resemble the feathers in an old-fashioned plume pen
Fusiform muscles Fascicles that may be close to parallel in the center
Created by: kacey13
 

 



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