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Anat1 - Ankle & Foot

(Week 11)

The skeleton of the foot includes the _______, _______, and _______. tarsus, metatarsus, phalanges
The two prime functions of the foot are: 1. mobile adaptor 2. rigid lever
Biomechanically and functionally, the foot is divided into three parts: _______, _______,and _______. rearfoot, midfoot, forefoot
The rearfoot contains the _______ & _______. talus, calcaneus
The midfoot contains the _______, _______ & _______. navicular, cuboid, cuneiforms
The forefoot contains the _______ & _______. metatarsals, phalanges
The seven tarsal bones are: talus, calcaneus, cuboid, navicular, medial/intermediate/lateral cuneiforms
The talus articulates with the _______ and _______ superiorly, the _______ inferiorly, and the _______ anteriorly. tibia, fibula, calcaneus, navicular
Body weight is carried primarily on the _______ & _______. talus, calcaneus
The heel of the foot is formed by the _______. calcaneus
The _______ is the largest bone in the foot. calcaneus
The _______ is the second largest bone in the foot. talus
The calcaneus articulates with the _______ superiorly, the _______ distally, and the _______ medially. talus, cuboid, navicular
The cubed shaped bone at the lateral side of the foot is called the _______. cuboid
The boat shaped bone at the medial side of the foot is called the _______. navicular
The three medial tarsal bones between navicular, metatarsals and cuboid are _______. cuneiforms
There are ___ metatarsals in the foot. 5
The enlarged head of the ___ _______ forms the "ball of the foot." 1st metatarsal
There are ___ phalanges in the foot. 14
Each digit on the foot has three phalanges except the _______, which has no middle phalanx. hallux
Th foot has three arches maintained by interlocking _______ _______ and strong _______. foot bones, ligaments
Arches support _______ and give/slightly stretch to absorb _______. weight, shock
The 3 arches of the foot are: lateral longitudinal, medial longitudinal, transverse
The _______ is the keystone of the lateral longitudinal arch. cuboid
The _______ is the keystone of the medial longitudinal arch. talus
The _______ arch does not show in footprints in the sand. (i.e. it does not contact ground at apex) medial
The _______ arch runs obliquely from one side of the foot to the other at level of distal tarsals and metatarsals. transverse
Pronation/supination of the foot occurs at the _______ joint. subtalar (talocalcaneal)
Pronation of the foot is the combined motion of _______, _______, and _______. eversion, abduction, dorsiflexion
Supination of the foot is the combined motion of _______, _______, and _______. inversion, adduction, plantarflexion
The three lateral ankle ligaments limit _______. inversion
The three lateral ankle ligaments are: Anterior Talo Fibular (ATF), Posterior Talo Fibular (PTF), Calcaneofibular (CF)
The medial ankle ligaments limit _______. eversion
The Deltoid or Medial Collateral Ligament is a group of ligaments that attach from the _______ to the _______ & _______. tibia, talus, calcaneous
Created by: sdouglass