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blast/o immature form; developing cells
carcin/o cancer/o cancer
cyt/o cell
epitheli/o epithelium
eti/o cause
gno/o knowledge
hist/o tissue
iatr/o physician; medicine
kary/o nucleus
lei/o smooth
lip/o fat
my/o muscle
neur/o nerve
once/o tumor
organ/o organ
path/o disease
rhabd/o rod shaped
sarc/o flesh; connective tissue
somat/o body
system/o system
viscer/o internal organs; viscera
asen/o gland
aut/o self
bio/o life
coni/o dust
crypt/o hidden
cutane/o derm/o dermat/o skin
fibr/o fibrouse tissue; fiber
heter/o other
hidr/o sweat
kerat/o hard; horny tissue
necr/o death
onych/o ungu/o nail
pachy/o thick
rhytid/o wrinkle
seb/o sebum (oil)
stropt/o chainlike
trich/o hair
xer/o dry
ankyl/o stiff
aponeur/o aponeurosis
arthr/o joint
burs/o bursa
carp/o carpals
chondr/o cartilage
clavic/o claviul/o clavicle
cost/o rib
crani/o skull
disk/o inervertebral disk
femor/o femur
fibul/o fibula
humero humerus
ill/o ilium
ischi/o ischium
kinesi/o movement
kyph/o hump
lamin/o thin,flat layer
lord/o bent forward; abnormal convexity of the spine
mandibulo/o mandible
maxill/o maxilla
menisc/o meniscus
myel/o myelon/o bone marrow; spinal cord
my/ myo/o muscle
oste/o bone
patello/ patella
phalang/o phalanges
pub/o pubis
radi/o radius
scpul/o scapula
scoli/o bent; curved
sten/o sternum
synovi/o synovial luid; synovial membrance
tars/o tarals
ten/o tend/o tendin/o tendon
tibi/o tibia
uln/o ulna
vertebr/o rachi/o spondyl/o bertebrae; bertebral colum
cerebell/o cerebellum
cerebr/o cerebrum
dur/o dura mater
encephal/o brain
esthesi/o felling, sensation, sensitivity
gangli/o ganlion/o ganglion
mening/o meningi/o meninges
mon/o on, single
myel/o spinal cord
neur/o nerve
phas/o speech
poli/o garay, gray matter
psych/o ment/o phren/o mind
quadr/i four
angi/o vessel
aort/o aorta
arteri/o artery
bacteri/o bacteria
cardi/o heart
ech/o sound
electr/o electrical activity, electricity
hemat/o hem/o blood
isch/o blockage, deficiency
lymph/o lymph
phleb/o ven/o vein
plasm/o plasma
sphygm/o pulseA
splen/o spleen
therm/o heat
thromb/o clot
thym/o thymus gland
valv/o valvul/o valve
ventricul/o ventricle
adenoid/o adenoid
alveol/o alveolus
atel/o incomplete, inperfect
bronchi/o bronch/o bronchiol/o bronchiole
nas/o rhin/o nose
orth/o straight
ox/o ox/i oxygen
pharyng/o pharynx
pleur/o pleuar
pneum/o pneumat/o pneumon/o lung, air
pulmon/o lung
py/o pus
sinus/o sinus
sept.o setm, wall off
spir/o breathe, breathing
thorac/o thorax, chest
tonsill/o tonsil
trache/o trachea
an/o anus
appendic/o appendix
cec/o cecum
duoden/o duodenum
chol/e bile,gall
cholecyst/o gallblader
cholangi/o bile duct
cledoch/o common bile duct
col/o colon
dent/i tooth
diverticul/o diverticolum, blind pouch extending from an organ
duoden/o duodenum
enter/o small intestines
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
gingiv/o gum
glass/o lingu/o tongue
hepat/o liver
herni/o hernia
ile/o lileum
jejun/o jejunum
lapar/o abdomin/o celi/o bdomen
palat/o palate
pancreat/o pancreas
peritone/o peritoneum
proct/o rect/o ectum
polyp/o polyp, small growth on a stalk
p/olyp/o pylorus, pyloric sphincter
sial/o saliv
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
stomat/o or/o mouth
uvul/o uvula
albumin/o albumin
azot/o urea, nitrogen
cyst/o vesic/o bladder, sac
glomerul/o glomerulus
glyc/o glycos/o sugar
gydr/o water
lith/o stone, calculus
meat/o meatus, opening
nephr/o ren/o kidney
noct/i night
olig/o scanty, few
pyel/o renal pelvis
son/o sound
ureter/o ureter
urether/o urethra
urin/o ur/o urine, urinary tract
acr/o extremities
adeno/o gland
adren/o adrenal/o adrenal glands
calc/i calcium
cortic/o corex
dips/o thirst
endocin/o endocine
hormon/o homone
kal/i potassium
natr/o sodium
parathyoid/o parathyroid glads
throid/o thyr/o thyroid gland
toxic/o poison
andr/o male, man
blan/o glans penis
epididym/o epididymis
prostat/o prostate gland
vas/o vessel, duct
vesicul/o seminal vesicles
orchid/o orch/i orch/o testicle, testes
sperm/o spermat/o sperm
test/o testicle, testes
arche/o beginning, first
cervic/o cervix
colp/o vagin/o vagina
gynec/o gyn/o female, woman
hymen/o hymen
hyster/o metr/o metri/o uter/o uterus
lact/o milk
mamm/o mast/o breast
men/o menstruation
ov/o ov/i
perine/o perineum
salping/o fallopian tube
vulv/o episi/o vulva
albin/o leuk/o white
chlor/o green
cyan/o blue
melan/o black
xanth/o yellow
-algia -dynia pain
-cele hernia
-ectassis dilation, swelling
- edema swelling
-emesis vomiting
-emia blood condition
-ia stae of, condition
-iasis abnormal condition
-itis inflammation
-lith sone, calculus
-lysis destruction, separarion, breakdown
-malacia softening
-megaly enlargement
-oma tumor, mass
-osis abnormal increase, abnormal condition
-pathy disease process
-penia decrease, deficiency
-phobia irrational fear
- plegia paralysis
-ptosis dropping, sagging, prolapse
-ptysis spitting
-rrhage -rrhagia bursting forth
-rrhea flow, discharge
-rrhexis rupture
-sclerosis hardening
-spasm involuntary contraction
-stenosis narrowing
-y process, state, condition
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
-desis surgial binding, surgical fusion
- ectomy excision, surgical removal
-gram record, writing
-graph instrument used to record
-graphy process of recording, producing images
-meter instrument used to measure
-metry to measure, measurement
-opsy to view
-pexy surgicl fixation
-plasty surgicl repair, surgical reconstruction
-rrhapy suture, sew
-scope instrument used to visually examine
-scopy process of visually examining
-stasis stoppage, stopping, controlling
-stomy new opening
-tome instrument used to cut
-tomy process of cutting, incision into
-tripsy surgical crushing
-ase enzyme
-blast immature form
-cyte cell -er
-or -ician -logist -ist specializes
-ion process
-ium membrane
-logy study of
-ose sugar
-phagia to eat, swallow
-phasia speech
-plasis fromation, development
-pnea breatlhing
-poiesis production, formation
-trphy development, growth
-uria urine
-ac -al -ar -ary -eal -ic -ine -ior -ose -ous -tic pertaining to
- genous -genic produced by, producing
-oid like, resembling
-ole -ule small
ab- away from
ad- toward
ante- before
circum- around
dia- complete, through
octo- outside
endo- within
e- ex- exo- extra- out, outward, outside
epi- upon, on above
eso- inwoard, within
hyper- above, excessive
hypo- below, under, deficient
in- in, into
infra- below, beneath
inter- between
intra- within
meta- beyond, change
para- beside, near
per- through
peri- around
post- after
pre- before, in front of
pro- before
retro- back, behind
supra- aboove
trans- across
bi- di- two
hemi- semi- hlf
mono- uni- one
multi- poly- many
nulli- none
primi- first
quadri- four
tri- three
a- am- no, not, lack of, withoout
ana- apart
anti- against
auto- self
brady- slow
contra- against
dys- bad, abnormal, difficult, painful
in- ir- im- not
mancro- large
mal- bad
micro- small
neo- new
pan- all
syn- sym- together, joined, with
tachy- fast, rapid
abd abdomen
ADL activities of daily living
approx approximately
ASAP as soon as possible
ax axillary
BE barium enema
BM bowel movement
BP B/P blood pressure
BSE breast self-examination
bx biopsy
cath catheterization, catheter
CC chief complant
chemo chemotherapy
c/o complains of
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
D&C dilation and curettage
disc, d/c, dc discontinue
DOB date of birth
Dr. doctor
drsg, dsg dressing
dx diagnosis
EDC, EDD estimated date of confinement (due date) estimated dae of delivery
EEG electroencephalogram
ETOH ethyl alcohol
FB foreign body
FH family history
FU follow up
fx fracture
GI gastrointestinal
GP general practitioner
grav, gravida pregnancy
GYN gynecology
H&P history andy physical
HEENT heas, eye, ear, nose, throat
hr hour
hs hour of sleep
ht hight
hx history
I&D incision and drainage
ID intradermal
IM intramuscual
IV intraveinous
KUB kidney, ureter, bladder
L left
LLQ left lower quadrent
LMP last menstrual period
LUQ left upper quadrent
med(s) medication(s)
mets metastasis
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
N&V nausea and vomiting
NKA no known allergies
NPO nothing by mouth
NVD nausea, vomiting, diarrhea
OB obstetrics
OC oral contaceptive
OR operating room
os opening
P pulse
para live birth
PE,px physical examination
Peds pediatrics
PERLA pupils equally reactive to light and accommodation
PERRLA pupils equal, round, react to light and accommodation
PH past history
pt patient
R respiratio
r right
RLQ right lower quadrant
r/o rule out
ROM rang of motion
RUQ right upper wuadrant
Rx prescription
SOAP subjective, objective, assessment, plan
SQ, subQ, SC subcutaneous
stat immediately
sx symptoms
T temperatue
T&A tonsilloadenoidectomy (tonsils and adenoids)
TLC tender loving care
tx treatment, therapy
UCHD usual childhood diseases
vo verbal order
VS vital signs
WDWN well-developed, well-nourished
WNL with in normal limits
wt weight
AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome2 ADD
CA, Ca cancer
CHF congestive heart failure
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CVA cerebra vascular accident
FIT failure to thrive
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
HAV hepatitis A virus
HBV hepatitis B virus
HCV hepatitisC virus
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
IDDM insulin-dependent diabetes mullitus
MI myocardial infarction
NIDDM non-inulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
PMS premenstrual syndrom
SIDS sudden infant death syndrome
SOB shortness of breath
STD sexually transmitted disease
TB tuberculosis
aa of each ac
AD right ear
ad lib as deired
AM morning
amt amount
AS left ear
ASA aspirin
ASAP as soon as possible
AU both ears
bid two times a day
c with
et and
noct night
OD right eyes
OS left eyes
OU both eyes
p after
pc fter meals
po by mouth
PM afternoon
prn as needed
q every
qd every day
qh every hour
qid four times a day
qod every other day s
ss half
tab tablet
tid three times a day
qoh every other hour
ABO main blood grouping system
AP anterior/posterior (x-ray) BUN
CBC complete blood count
C&S culture and sensitivity
diff, dif differential white blood cell count
ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate FBS
GIT glucose tolerance test
H&H hemoglobin and hematocrit
hct je,atpcrit
hgb hemoglobin
HCG humn chorionic gonadotropin
HDL high-density lipoprotein
lat lateral (x-ray) LDL
O&P ova and parasites
obl oblique 9x-ray0
Pap pap smear
pH degree of acidity or alkalinity
PKU phenylketonuria
QNS quantity not sufficient
RBC red blood cells
UA urinalysis
WBC white blood cells
C entigrade
cc cubi centimeter
cm centimeter
dr dram
F Fahrenheit
g,gm gram
gr grain
gtt9s0 drop(s)
kg kilogram
L liter
lb poound
mcg microgram
mg milligram
ml milliliter
mn minum
oz ounce
pt pint
qt quart
T, tbsp tablespoon
tsp, t teaspoon
U unit
Ba barium
Ca calcium
CI chloride
CO2 carbon dioxide
Fe iron
H2O water
Hg mercury
K potassium
KOH potassium hydrochloride
Na sodium
NaC1 sodium chloride
O2 oxygen
Created by: petitegodess