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Key Dates

The Reformation

QuestionAnswer
John Tetzel came to Germany to sell indulgences 1517
Luther pinned his 95 Theses to a church door in Wittenberg October 31st 1517
Archbishop of Mainz, Tetzel's boss, sent a copy of the 95 Theses to Rome 1518
Luther summoned to Rome for heresy August 17th 1518
Luther argued his case against the Pope's representative, Cardinal Cajetan October 1518: Diet of Augsburg
Death of Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I January 1519
Charles V elected as Holy Roman Emprire June 1519
Debate between Luther and Johann Eck in Leipzig July 1519
Exsurge Domine issued by Pope Leo X condemning Luther as a heretic July 1520
Address to the Christian nobility of the German nation published August 1520
The Babylonish captivity of the Church published September 1520
The freedom of the Christian man published November 1520
Luther publicly burnt the papal bull January 1521
Luther given save assurance by Charles, asked to acknowledge his pamphlets (which he did) and asked to recant his beliefs (which he didn't) April 1521: Diet of Worms
Charles condemned Luther as a heretic. He was subjected to an imperial ban and sentenced to death. 1521 Edict of Worms
Wittenberg Reformation: Iconoclasm in Luther's absence (destruction of church images and relics) 1521-22
Philip of Hesse joins Luther 1524
Peasant's Revolt 1524-25
50/65 Imperial cities recognised some form of Protestantism 1525
League of Togau formed by Lutheran princes, preventing the enforcement of the Edict of Worms 1525
Albert of Hohenzollern secularised his lands and accepted Lutheranism in Prussia 1525
Charles gave concessions to Lutheran princes allowing individual rulers to decided the religion in their territory, in return for military support to fight the Turks 1526 Diet of Speyer
Charles had dealt with his military problems and tried to take back his concessions 1529 Diet of Speyer
The term, Protestants, first used as a collective name for the protesters 1529
Meeting between Lutherans and Zwinglians. Agreed on 14/15 points discussed, but couldn't agree on the Eucharist 1529 Meeting at Marburg
Charles met with Melanchthon and Zwingli. Melanchthon prepared a Confession of Faith but the Catholics took a hardline. 1530 Diet of Augsburg
Charles ordered all traditional doctrines and practices to be observed in the HRE November 1530
Protestant princes came together to form an alliance to protect all Protestants 1531 Schmalkaldic League
Charles agreed to leave the Protestants in peace until a General Council of Church June 1532: Peace of Nuremberg
Charles tried to enforce Papal Council decisions but backed down when the Protestant princes threatened force 1537
Catholic and Protestants representatives met to discuss reconciliation, but ultimately failed. 1541 Diet of Regensburg
3 of the 7 HRE electors were Lutheran January 1546
Luther died February 1546
Charles secured a base in South Germany End of 1546
Charles attacked and captured John of Saxony at Mühlberg Spring 1547
Charles captured Wittenberg May 1547
Philip of Hesse surrendered to Charles June 1547
Charles issued the Interim of Augsburg, giving minor concessions to the Protestants but largely meant conforming to the RCC 1547 Diet of Augsburg
The Protestants pushed Charles back to the south April 1551
Charles returned to Germany but was defeated again 1552
Charles left Germany and never returned 1553
Charles authorised Ferdinand to preside over the forthcoming diet 1554
The Catholics and Lutherans made peace, but didn't satisfy all Protestants February 1555: Peace of Augsburg
Created by: DylDZ-ALevel