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Chapter 5

Digestive System

QuestionAnswer
What are the 4 digestive or gastrointestinal system functions? ingestion digestion, sprlorid cliination
Ingestion food material that is put into he mouth
Digestion food is broken down, mechanically and chemically as as it travels through the gastrointestinal tract
what are the 3 enzymes that aid int the breakdown of complex nutrient? proteins---> amino acids, sugars ---> glucose, fats---> fatty acids or triglycerides (good fats)
passage of materials through the walls of the call insetting into the bloodstream absotion
the body eliminates solid waste materials that cannot be absorbed int the bloodstream. large intestine concentrates feces this prosise is called? Elimination
wastes pass out of the body thorough? the anus
gastrointestinal tract begins where? oral cavity
what are the salivary glands? parotid gland located in front of ear, sublingual glad located on the jow, submandibular gland located in the pocait
what are the aids in digestion? liver, gallbladder, pancreas
which term is the first part of the large intestine Cecum
term that means swallowing devolution
blind pouch hanging from the cecum: located lower right quadrant appendix
small builing blocks of proteins; released when proteins are digested amino acids
enzyme secreted by the pancreas and salivary glands to digest starch amylase
terminal end or opening of the digestive tract to the outside of the body anus
digestive juice made in the liver and stored in the gallbladder bile
pigment released by the liver in bile: yellow in color bilirbin
intestine bowel
first part of the large intestine cecum
consists of the ascending, transverse, descending and sigmoid segments colon
carries bile from the liver and gallbladder to the duodenum; also called choledochus common bile duct
eliminatin of feces through the anus defecation
swallowing deglutition
breakdown of complex foods to simpler forms digesgtion
first part of the sall intestine duodenum
act of removal of materials from the body elimination
physical process of braking up large fat globules emulsification
solid wastes; stool feces
sall sac under the livert; stortes bile gallbladder
simple sugar glucose
starch; glucose is stored in the form of glcogen in live cellls glycogen
substance produced in the stomach; necessary for digesgtion of food hydrochloric acid
rhythmic contractions of the tugular peristalsis
ridges of hard palate and the wall of the stomach rugae
juice produced by salivary glands saliva
fourth and last S- shaped segmen of trhe colon sigmoi
Created by: mkuhlman209