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LOM Ch. 13

Language of Medicine Ch. 13 The Blood System

TermDefinition
protein in blood; maintains the proper amount of water in blood albumin
protein produced by lymphocytes in response to bacteria, viruses, or other antigens. antibody
substance that stimulates the production of an antibody antigen
white blood cells that release histamine and heparin basophil
formed by the breakdown of hemoglobin when red blood cells are destroyed bilirubin
blood clotting coagulation
change in structure and function of a cell as it matures differentiation
method of separating serum proteins by electrical charge electrophoresis
white blood cells that is associated with allergic reactions eosinophil
red blood cell erythrocyte
hormone secreted by the kidneys and stimulates red blood cell formation erthropoietin
protein that forms the basis of the blood clot fibrin
plasma protein that is converted to fibrin in the clotting process fibrinogen
plasma protein globulin
eosinophils, neutrophils and basophils granulocyte
cell in bone marrow that gives rise to all types of blood cells hematopoietic stem cell
blood protein containing iron and carries oxygen in red blood cells hemoglobin
anticoagulant found in blood and tissue cells heparin
response of the immune system to foreign invaders immune reaction
protein with antibody activity immunoglobin
white blood cell leukocyte
leukocyte that produces antibodies lymphocyte
monocyte that migrates from the blood to tissues, engulfs foreign materials and destroys worn out red blood cells macrophage
leukocyte that engulf foreign materials and debris monocyte
leukocytes with a single round nucleus mononuclear
immature bone marrow myeloblast
accumulate at site of infection where they ingest and destroy bacteria neutrophil
liquid portion of the blood, contains water, nutrients, proteins, salts, lipids, hormones and vitamins plasma
removal of plasma from withdrawn blood by centrifuge plasmapharesis
small blood fragments that collects at site of injury to begin the clotting process platelet
white blood cells that have a multibodied nucleus; neutrophil polymorphonuclear
plasma protein prothrombin
immature erythrocyte reticulocyte
antigen on red blood cells of rh positive individuals Rh factor
unspecialized cell that gives rise to mature, specialized forms stem cell
base bas/o
color chrom/o
clotting coagul/o
cell cyt/o
red eosin/o
red erythr/o
granules granul/o
blood hem/o
blood hemat/o
hemoglobin hemoglobin/o
white leuk/o
one, single mon/o
shape, form morph/o
bone marrow myel/o
nucleus nucle/o
eat, swallow phag/o
globe, round spher/o
removal, carrying away -apheresis
immature, embryonic -blast
blood condition -emia
giving rise to; producing -gen
protein -globin
pertaining to destruction -lytic
derived, originating from -oid
abnormal condition -osis
deficiency -penia
eat, swallow -phage
attraction for (an increase in cell numbers) -philia
carrying, transmission -phoresis
formation -poiesis
stop, control -stasis
deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin anemia
lack of mature erythrocytes caused by the inability to absorb vitamin b12 into blood stream pernicious anemia
hereditary disorder of abnormal hemoglobin producing sickle shaped erythrocytes and hemolysis sickle cell anemia
inherited disorder of abnormal productions leading to hypochromia thalassemia
excess iron deposits throughout body hemochromatosis
excessive bleeding cause by hereditary lack of factors 8 and 9 necessary for blood clotting hemophilia
increase in cancerous white blood cells leukemia
infectious disease marked by the number of mononuclear leukocytes and enlarged cervical lymph nodes mononucleosis
malignant neoplasm of bone marrow multiple myeloma
time required for venous blood to clot in a test tube coagulation time
determination of numbers of blood cells, hemoglobin concentration, hematocrit, and red blood cell values complete blood count (CBC)
speed at which erythrocytes settle out of plasma erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)
percentage of erythrocytes in a volume of blood hematocrit
total amount of hemoglobin in a sample of peripheral blood hemoglobin test
number of platelets per cubic millimeter or microliter of blood platelet count
test of the ability of blood to clot prothrombin time (PT)
number or erythrocytes per cubic milliliter or microliter of blood red blood cell count (RBC)
microscopic examination of a stained blood smear to determine the shape of individual red cells red blood cell morphology
number of leukocytes per cubic milliliter or microliter of blood white blood cell (WBC)
separation of blood into separate parts and removal of a select portion from the blood apheresis
whole blood or cells are taken from a donor and infused into patient blood transfusion
Created by: Marshaherrera
 

 



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